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vrata

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

(Skt., ‘will’).

The Indian religious commitment of the will to some religious end—e.g. pilgrimage, chastity, devotion. Vows are fundamental to Jains, in the sense that they...

See overview in Oxford Index

vrata

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

(Skt., ‘will’).

The Indian religious commitment of the will to some religious end—e.g. pilgrimage, chastity, devotion. Vows are fundamental to Jains, in the sense that they...

See overview in Oxford Index

vrata

W. J. Johnson.

in A Dictionary of Hinduism

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Hinduism. 101 words.

A vow taken by an individual as part of a monastic or ascetic discipline, as a penance (prāyaścitta),

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Vrata

John Bowker.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies. 47 words.

(Skt., ‘will’).

The Indian religious commitment of the will to some religious end—e.g. pilgrimage, chastity, devotion. Vows are fundamental to

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upavāsa

W. J. Johnson.

in A Dictionary of Hinduism

January 2009; p ublished online January 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Hinduism. 100 words.

A common expression of religious commitment, undertaken as part of an ascetic regime, in fulfilment of particular vow (vrata

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Aṇuvrata Movement

John Bowker.

in The Concise Oxford Dictionary of World Religions

January 2000; p ublished online January 2003 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies. 66 words.

(Skt., aṇu, ‘lesser’, + vrata, ‘vows’).

Indian moral revival movement based on the anuvrata vows of Jains. Founded in

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Aṇuvrata Movement

Overview page. Subjects: Religion.

(Skt., aṇu, ‘lesser’, + vrata, ‘vows’).

Indian moral revival movement based on the anuvrata vows of Jains. Founded in 1948 by Acharya Tul(a)si, head of the Jain Śvetāmbara...

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Vows and Observances

Donald R. Davis.

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Hindu Law

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Hinduism. 4537 words.

This chapter traces the semantic and practical evolution of Hindu religious vows and observances called vrata. The general historical trajectory moves from vratas as the ascetic regimens in...

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upavāsa

Overview page. Subjects: Hinduism.

A common expression of religious commitment, undertaken as part of an ascetic regime, in fulfilment of particular vow (vrata), or simply in conformity to a specified calendrical fast day....

See overview in Oxford Index

· The Experience

John Stratton Hawley and Vasudha Narayanan.

in The Life of Hinduism

December 2006; p ublished online May 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Hinduism. 3484 words.

This chapter begins with the act of worship itself—the sort of action that constitutes the core of Hindu ritual life, introducing the general vocabulary of Hindu worship by following an...

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Postures of Trust

Madhuri M. Yadlapati.

in Against Dogmatism

December 2013; p ublished online April 2017 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 8968 words.

This chapter explores several articulations of faith as the consciousness of humility or dependence, on the one hand, and belonging to a world of meaning, on the other hand. These two forms...

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Redefining Domesticity through Ritual Observances

Jaya Tyagi.

in Contestation and Compliance

October 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 19336 words.

The chapter focuses on how Puranic textual references to women and the rituals that they were involved in actually helped in creating new norms for defining domesticity that were based on...

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The Ideology of the Path to Liberation

John E. Cort.

in Jains in the World

July 2001; p ublished online November 2003 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 7941 words.

Outlines the normative Jain ideology of the path to liberation from suffering and rebirth. This path is described as consisting of correct faith, correct knowledge, and correct conduct:...

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Of Scripture and Bone

David M. DiValerio.

in The Holy Madmen of Tibet

August 2015; p ublished online August 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 15428 words.

This chapter examines the distinctive behavior that earned the Madmen of Ü and Tsang reputations as “madmen,” including dressing in costumes made from human remains, consuming filth, and...

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The Vedic Student

Timothy Lubin.

in The Oxford History of Hinduism: Hindu Law

December 2017; p ublished online January 2018 .

Chapter. Subjects: Hinduism. 7190 words.

This chapter examines the form and purpose of the Vedic studentship, and the special importance that came to be attached to it as Brahmins sought to reposition their tradition as a basis...

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Becoming Agni

David M. Knipe.

in Vedic Voices

April 2015; p ublished online March 2015 .

Chapter. Subjects: Hinduism. 27256 words.

This chapter is a more nuanced return to the grhya (domestic) and srauta (extended) ritual life introduced in Chapter 2: portraits of an ahitagni and his wife; daily, fortnightly, and...

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Contestation and Compliance

Jaya Tyagi.

October 2014; p ublished online November 2014 .

Book. Subjects: Social and Cultural History. 336 pages.

This book looks into the representations of women in early textual traditions in order to trace the complex manner in which Puranic conceptualizations relating to women and their...

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Introduction

Ute Hüsken and Frank Neubert.

in Negotiating Rites

November 2011; p ublished online January 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Religious Studies. 7957 words.

During the early phases of the classical Indian law literature (dharmaśāstra) all elements in the life of the brāhmin householder had been gradually ritualized. Now, the institution of...

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Conveying Buddhist Tradition through its Rituals

Todd Lewis.

in Teaching Buddhism

November 2016; p ublished online October 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Buddhism. 10947 words.

Todd Lewis’s chapter provides a historical overview of the many forms of Buddhist ritualism. He argues that these practices were a part of the tradition from its origins. Drawing on early...

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Calendar

Klaus Klostermaier.

in Hinduism

P ublished online March 2015 .

Article. Subjects: Hinduism. 6110 words.

The Indian name of the Hindu calendar is Pañcāngam (“five limbs”). It is of utmost practical importance for Hindus to determine the right time for the performance of vratas (vows) and the...

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Marriage

Lindsey Harlan.

in Hinduism

P ublished online May 2012 .

Article. Subjects: Hinduism. 13523 words.

Scholarly reflection on Hindu marriage includes work on prescriptive treatments in early Sanskrit sources. Among these are Vedic discourses on household ritual and later discussions of...

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