Book

The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

Edited by Ian Q. Whishaw [[missing key: and]] Bryan Kolb

Published in print September 2004 | ISBN: 9780195162851
Published online May 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780199863891 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195162851.001.0001
The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

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Adolescence

Russell W. Brown.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5128 words.

This chapter begins by describing the appearance of motor abilities, social and play behavior, sexual maturity, and sensory function in laboratory rats. It then discusses cognitive...

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Aggressive, Defensive, and Submissive Behavior

Klaus A. Miczek and Sietse F. de Boer.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4572 words.

This chapter discusses aggressive behavior in rats. Aggressive behavior, although infrequent, is part of life in a colony, particularly during its formation, and these interactions within...

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Antipredator Defense

D. Caroline Blanchard and Robert J. Blanchard.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5207 words.

This chapter discusses defensive behavior in rats. Topics covered include specific defensive behaviors (e.g., flight, hiding, freezing, alarm cries, defensive attack), stimuli that elicit...

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Cognitive Processes

Robert J. Sutherland.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8233 words.

This chapter seeks to provide a kind of thinking about behavioral processes in rats that is characteristic of a cognitive approach and to provide some examples of experimental paradigms...

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Dead Reckoning

Douglas G. Wallace and Ian Q. Whishaw.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4788 words.

Rats may use at least two navigational strategies that aid in the recovery of resources and protection from predation: allothetic and idiothetic. Allothetic navigation involves the use of...

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Defensive Burying

Dallas Treit and John J. P. Pinel.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4971 words.

This chapter discusses defensive burying behavior by rats. Topics covered include development of defensive burying paradigms, unconditioned defensive burying, characteristics and generality...

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Drinking

Neil E. Rowland.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5363 words.

This chapter is organized around a construct of hydromineral homeostasis and focuses on water and mineral consumption in rats. It provides a brief overview of the main body fluid...

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Eating

Peter G. Clifton.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6350 words.

This chapter discusses the salient features of rat feeding behavior relevant to laboratory-based studies of this species. Topics covered include lifetime patterns of intake, daily patterns...

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Ecology

S. Anthony Barnett.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4871 words.

The “Norway rat” (Rattus norvegicus), known also as the “brown rat” is rivaled as a pest only by the house mouse (Mus domesticus vel musculus) and the “ship” or “black” rat (Rattus rattus). null...

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Environment

Robbin L Gibb.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6087 words.

This chapter discusses how environmental parameters influence the physiology and behavior of rats and thus the experimental outcome. It considers lighting, humidity, airflow, noise, cage...

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Evolution

Andrew N. Iwaniuk.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5935 words.

This chapter discusses the evolution of the laboratory rat from the origins of rodents in general to the speciation of the genus Rattus. It provides a summary of the evolutionary events...

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Fear

Matthew R. Tinsley and Michael S. Fanselow.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6565 words.

This chapter presents defensive behavior as a functional behavior system, describes the neural substrates of many of the various defensive behaviors described, and presents a model that...

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Foraging

Ian Q. Whishaw.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4696 words.

This chapter discusses foraging behavior in rats. It describes eating behavior, food protection and theft, food carrying, and some aspects of their neural control. The rich array of...

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Grooming

J. Wayne Aldridge.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4442 words.

This chapter discusses grooming in rats. Topics covered include implications of syntactical grooming for nervous system function, neural substrates for coding of grooming syntax, and role...

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Immune System

Hymie Anisman and Alexander W. Kusnecov.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5371 words.

This chapter presents a brief overview of the functioning of the immune system, followed by a description of how immune alterations can affect central nervous system (CNS) processes and...

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Incentive Behavior

Bernard W. Balleine.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6554 words.

This chapter discusses the incentive behavior of rats in the context of evaluative, Pavlovian, and instrumental conditioning procedures. These incentive processes constitute a hierarchy:...

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Individual Differences

Guy Mittleman.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5271 words.

This chapter suggests that rats, like humans, display profound individual differences that have relevance for understanding a variety of normal and pathological conditions. Variability in...

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Infancy

Jeffrey R. Alberts.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7210 words.

This chapter presents brief overviews of the growth of the Norway rat pup and differentiation of behavioral systems. There follows a kind of “ethogram” of early postnatal behavior in Rattus...

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Locomotion

Gillian Muir.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6820 words.

This chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge on the mechanics and neural control of locomotion in the rat and outlines the methods available for measuring locomotor abilities...

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Locomotor and Exploratory Behavior

Ilan Golani, Yoav Benjamini, Anna Dvorkin, Dina Lipkind and Neri Kafkafi.

in The Behavior of the Laboratory Rat

September 2004; p ublished online May 2009 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5786 words.

Rat exploratory behavior includes motor, locomotor, motivational, and cognitive aspects; it consists of a stimulating combination of stochastic and lawful elements. As technology improves,...

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