Book

Dendrites

Edited by Greg Stuart, Nelson Spruston [[missing key: and]] Michael Häusser

Published in print March 2016 | ISBN: 9780198745273
Published online May 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191819735 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198745273.001.0001
Dendrites

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Biochemical compartmentalization in dendrites

Fritjof Helmchen and U. Valentin Nägerl.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 20147 words.

Dendrites have both an electrical and a biochemical character, which are closely linked. This chapter discusses dendritic structures as compartments for chemical signals such as...

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Dendrite development

Hollis T. Cline.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 8809 words.

Dendritic arbor structure determines the presynaptic inputs to the neuron, the integration of input information and output from the cell. Consequently, mechanisms regulating the development...

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Dendrite structure

Kristen M. Harris and Josef Spacek.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 20492 words.

Dendrites extend from the cell body of the neuron and are specialized for processing synaptic information. Dendritic arbors assume diverse forms, branching in characteristic spatial domains...

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Dendrites and disease

Daniel Johnston, Andreas Frick and Nicholas P. Poolos.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14959 words.

While the functional properties of dendrites in the normal brain are the main focus for this book, there is a long history of research related to changes in dendrites that are associated...

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Dendrites as transmitters

Nathaniel Urban and Troy W. Margrie.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 9669 words.

As detailed in other chapters of this book, classically dendrites have been considered to be passive structures that receive signals and do little else. Beautiful in their shape but mundane...

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Dendritic connectomics

Kevin M. Boergens, Manuel Berning and Moritz Helmstaedter.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6671 words.

Dendrites host a number of biophysical mechanisms for the complex interaction of input synapses. Some of these interactions are enhanced by the spatial patterning of active synapses on the...

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Dendritic integration in vivo

Lucy Palmer, Masanori Murayama and Matthew Larkum.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 15080 words.

If dendritic integration is important for understanding the input-output function of neurons, then understanding how dendrites integrate information in the behaving organism should be seen...

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Dendritic voltage-gated ion channels

Jeffrey C. Magee.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 13481 words.

This chapter focuses on the types and distributions of the main voltage-gated ion channels currently known to exist within the dendrites of CA1 pyramidal neurons, neocortical L5 pyramidal...

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Evolution and scaling of dendrites

Samuel S.-H. Wang, Anthony E. Ambrosini and Gayle M. Wittenberg.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 16005 words.

Dendrites, the neuronal processes that receive synaptic inputs, are found in all nervous systems. The great diversity of dendrites, both within individual species and across phylogeny,...

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Functional plasticity at dendritic synapses

Jérôme Maheux, Robert C. Froemke and P. Jesper Sjöström.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 26975 words.

This chapter summarizes experiments and theory that are relevant to the role of dendrites in plasticity. Since the vast majority of synapses form connections onto the dendritic arbor of a...

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The future of dendrite research

Michael Häusser, Nelson Spruston and Greg Stuart.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 2313 words.

This chapter briefly summarizes the progress made in the field of dendrites since the first two editions of the book, and speculates about areas of research where significant future...

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Linking dendritic processing to computation and behavior in invertebrates

Richard B. Dewell and Fabrizio Gabbiani.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 19272 words.

This chapter summarizes results obtained in invertebrate preparations on the dendritic processing of neural information. Connecting the cellular characteristics of neurons to the...

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Local translation in dendrites

Irena Vlatkovic and Erin M. Schuman.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 14199 words.

Neurons are unique among cells with their highly polarized and elaborate dendritic and axonal arbors. Synapses, the sites of communication, are located from microns up to a meter from the...

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Modeling dendrite shape

Hermann Cuntz.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7615 words.

The functional role of voltage-gated channels has been extensively studied in computational models of dendrites, but the role of dendritic shape itself has long eluded a rigorous...

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Modeling dendrites: a personal perspective

Wilfrid Rall.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5249 words.

The advent of microelectrode recordings from neurons with branching dendritic trees presented a new problem for neurophysiologists: how to interpret the data obtained from these...

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Molecular determinants of dendrite and spine development

Franck Polleux, Anirvan Ghosh and Wesley B. Grueber.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 17307 words.

Information processing in neurons is critically dependent on dendritic morphology. The overall extent and orientation of dendrites determines the kinds of input a neuron receives. Fine...

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Molecular signaling during plasticity of dendritic spines

Ryohei Yasuda.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 11356 words.

Intracellular signaling in dendrites of pyramidal neurons is responsible for synaptic plasticity related to learning and memory. It is mediated by a biochemical network consisting of...

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Neurotransmitter-gated ion channels in dendrites

R. Angus Silver, Andrew F. MacAskill and Mark Farrant.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 21991 words.

The ability of populations of neurons in the central nervous system to rapidly and effectively share and process information is essential for brain function. The majority of communication...

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Principles of dendritic integration

Nelson Spruston, Greg Stuart and Michael Häusser.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 25395 words.

The primary role of neurons is to integrate incoming information conveyed by synaptic input and convert it into an output, usually in the form of action potentials. This process is called...

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Spine calcium signaling

Adam Carter and Bernardo Sabatini.

in Dendrites

March 2016; p ublished online May 2016 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience. 13526 words.

Spines are specialized cellular compartments found at high density on the dendrites of many neurons. Glutamatergic synapses are made onto spines, which house much of the machinery needed to...

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