Book

Emotion and Decision-making Explained

Edmund T. Rolls

Published in print October 2013 | ISBN: 9780199659890
Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191772078 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199659890.001.0001
Emotion and Decision-making Explained

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The brain mechanisms underlying emotion

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 82412 words.

The functions of the orbitofrontal cortex, cingulate cortex, amygdala, and other brain regions in emotion and its disorders including depression are described.

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Conclusions, and broader issues

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 15987 words.

The book provides a synthesis of emotion, motivation, neuroeconomics and value representations, and decision-making, with particular attention to the underlying brain mechanisms, to the...

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Decision-making mechanisms

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 48038 words.

The brain mechanisms involved in reward-related and other decision–making in the brain are described. The attractor network mechanism described has randomness or noise that makes the...

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Emotional feelings and consciousness: a theory of consciousness

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 22046 words.

Emotional feelings are part of the much larger problem of consciousness. Different approaches to consciousness, including a higher-order thought syntactic theory are described. In the...

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Food reward value, pleasure, hunger, and appetite

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 28532 words.

The taste, olfactory, flavour, and food texture processing in the brain that produces food reward and appetite, and the ways in which this processing is involved in hunger, body weight...

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The functions of emotion: reward, punishment, and emotion in brain design

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 14153 words.

It is proposed that we are built to have emotions, and motivational states, because we (and many other animals) use rewards and punishers to guide or determine behaviour, and that this is a...

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Introduction: the issues

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 7535 words.

The book aims to explain emotion and decision-making in terms of: What produces emotions? (The general answer I propose is rewards and punishers.) Why do we have emotions? (The overall...

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The nature of emotion

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 19156 words.

Emotions can be operationally defined as states elicited by rewards and punishers, that is, by instrumental reinforcers. This approach leads to a classification of different emotions based...

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Neuroeconomics and decision-making

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 16229 words.

Classical microeconomics is reviewed to provide a background to neuroeconomics, which is then considered in terms of how expected value and outcome value are represented in the brain and...

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Pharmacology of emotion, reward, and addiction; the basal ganglia

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 26510 words.

The functions of dopamine in reward, reward prediction error, saliency, and addiction are described. Then the functions are described of the basal ganglia, which provide one output system...

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Sexual behaviour, reward, and brain function; sexual selection of behaviour

Edmund T. Rolls.

in Emotion and Decision-making Explained

October 2013; p ublished online January 2014 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 28298 words.

The shaping by evolution of reward system for attraction, love, and attachment are described, including the roles of sexual selection.

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