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A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

David McFarland


Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780191761577 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780191761577.001.0001

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abnormal behaviour

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 36 words.

Behaviour that occurs as a result of a pathological condition, including anxiety and *stress. Abnormal behaviour is sometimes

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accessibility

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 67 words.

The degree to which available resources can be obtained by an animal by virtue of its skills, tools, etc. (technically,

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acclimation

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 37 words.

A term used in laboratory experiments in which animals adapt to changes in a single environmental variable such as temperature.

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acclimatization

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 63 words.

A form of reversible *adaptation by which an animal is able to alter its *tolerance of environmental factors.

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action

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 17 words.

A form of *goal-directed behaviour, having the appearance of being *intentional. Normally applied only to humans.

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action theory

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 119 words.

The body of philosophical theory that accounts for actions. There are many forms of action theory, and it is not

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active sleep

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 185 words.

That part of the *sleep cycle of birds and mammals during which there is a characteristic electroencephalograph (EEG) accompanied

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activity

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 32 words.

A measure of general activity employed in laboratory studies of animal behaviour. The measure is usually made mechanically, in a

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adaptation

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 331 words.

A term that has a number of meanings, all denoting some adjustment by the animal to changes in the environment.

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advertisement

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 59 words.

A form of *display usually shown by males holding a *territory. It serves both to attract females

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aestivation

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 45 words.

A period of dormancy during the summer, in contrast to *hibernation, which is a period of winter dormancy.

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aggregation

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 103 words.

A group of animals that forms as a result of individuals being independently attracted to a particular environmental feature, such

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aggression

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 432 words.

Damage, or threat of damage, to members of the same species. Similar behaviour towards members of other species is usually

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agonistic behaviour

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 65 words.

The complex of *aggression, *threat, *appeasement, and *avoidance that often occurs during encounters

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alarm calls

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 140 words.

A vocal *alarm response, common amongst birds and mammals. They often include *auditory signals that make it

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alarm responses

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 243 words.

Responses to signs of danger that act as a *warning to other animals. They normally take the form of

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alertness

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 42 words.

A state of *arousal akin to *vigilance. The alert animal is in a state of readiness to

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alliances

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 51 words.

An aspect of social behaviour in which one individual joins forces with another. While this is well documented from studies

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allogrooming

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 43 words.

An aspect of social behaviour, in which one individual grooms another. In addition to removing parasites, such *grooming may

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alpha male

David McFarland.

in A Dictionary of Animal Behaviour

P ublished online January 2014 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Animal Behaviour and Behavioural Ecology. 9 words.

The top male in a dominance *hierarchy.

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