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A Dictionary of Public Health

Miquel Porta [[missing key: and]] John M. Last


Published online May 2018 | e-ISBN: 9780191844386 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780191844386.001.0001

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abandonment

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 42 words.

1. Negligent or malicious breaking off of an asymmetrical or dependency relationship, as between physician and patient or between parent(s)

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abatement

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 44 words.

The process of reducing, minimizing, or preferably eliminating public health or other types of hazards such as environmental pollutants, noxious

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abatement of nuisances

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 22 words.

Eliminating or reducing the effect of a pollutant or other health hazard. Often used as a term of law.

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ABC approach

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 62 words.

“Abstinence, Be faithful, use Condoms.” ABC strategies are promoted to combat, foremost, infection with HIV and the HIV/AIDS pandemic, as

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abduction

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 59 words.

1. Illegal removal of a child or other dependent person from the family or legally designated provider of care.

2.

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abiotic transformation

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 28 words.

Literally, a biologically important chemical transformation in the absence of living organisms. An example is formation of stratospheric ozone from

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ABO blood groups

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 60 words.

Classification of blood types based on presence of agglutinogens A, B, both, or neither in red blood corpuscles. Blood may

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aborigines

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 79 words.

The indigenous inhabitants of a colonized country. They often have high incidence and prevalence rates of multiple social and health

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abortion

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 107 words.

Expulsion from the uterus of a fetus before it is viable; i.e., before 20 weeks' gestation and/or 500 grams fetal

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abortion laws

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 72 words.

Most organized jurisdictions have enacted legislation or evolved legal practices determined by common law precedents, specifying the circumstances, if any,

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abortion rate

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 19 words.

The estimated annual number of abortions per a given number (e.g., 1000) of women of reproductive age.

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abortion ratio

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 15 words.

The estimated number of abortions per 100 live births in a given year.

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abscissa

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 25 words.

The horizontal or X axis of a graph; the vertical or Y axis is the *ordinate, and the

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absenteeism

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 17 words.

Habitual failure to appear for work or other regular duty. Contrast with *sickness absence and *presenteeism.

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absolute effect

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 31 words.

The effect of an exposure (expressed as the difference between rates, proportions, means) of the outcome, etc., as opposed to

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absolute poverty level

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 45 words.

Income level below which a minimum nutritionally adequate diet and essential nonfood requirements are not affordable. The amount of income

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absolute risk

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 73 words.

The probability that a specified event will occur in a specified population, in contrast to the *relative risk of

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absolute risk approach

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 209 words.

A disease-control method based on the observation that proportional reduction in risk for given absolute reductions in *risk factors

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absolute risk increase

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 58 words.

The absolute risk of adverse events in the exposed or treatment group (ART) minus the absolute risk of events in

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absolute risk reduction

Miquel Porta and John M. Last.

in A Dictionary of Public Health

P ublished online May 2018 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Medicine and Health. 88 words.

The absolute risk of events in the control group (ARC) minus the absolute risk of events in the exposed or

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