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Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

Edited by Lawrence H. Schiffman [[missing key: and]] James VanderKam

Published in print March 2000 | ISBN: 9780195084504
Published online April 2009 | e-ISBN: 9780195386455
Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

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Aaron

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1319 words.

The figure of Aaron, his ancestry, and his rise to priestly prominence is treated rather tersely in the Bible. Though

Abraham

Craig A. Evans.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1826 words.

is the name of the progenitor of the Hebrew people. At first he is called Abram (Gn. 11.26–27,

Absalom, House of

Bilha Nitzan and Jonathan Chipman.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 827 words.

The only reference to the phrase house of Absalom in the Dead Sea Scrolls appears in Pesher Habakkuk (1QpHab v.9),

Acts of a Greek King

Magen Broshi.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 309 words.

The scroll fragment Acts of a Greek King (4Q248), previously also Pseudohistory, is now called Historical Text. It is approximately

Acts of the Apostles

Gregory E. Sterling.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2138 words.

is the second volume of a two-volume work, Luke-Acts, which relates the story of the early church in ways

Adam

Gary A. Anderson.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1610 words.

In the literature and religion of the Hebrew scriptures, Adam plays almost no role. The story of his transgression and

Aemilius Scaurus, Marcus

Daniel R. Schwartz.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1106 words.

first-century bce Roman aristocrat; Pompey's quaestor during the annexation of Syria and conquest of Judea, also Pompey's brother-in-law and husband

Aeneid

Eugene Ulrich.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 700 words.

A fragment with a line from the Aeneid, the sonorous Roman epic and “principal secular book of the Western

Ages of Creation

Devorah Dimant.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 2049 words.

The title Ages of Creation was given by the first editor, John M. Allegro, to several Hebrew fragments. [

Agriculture

Menashe Har-El.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 3095 words.

The landscape of the Judean Desert consists of four mountainous escarpments descending to the east. The uppermost and lowest escarpments

Albright Institute of Archaeological Research

Edited by Lawrence H. Schiffman and James C. VanderKam.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

January 2000; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 12 words.

Alexander Jannaeus

Hanan Eshel.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1269 words.

There are those who suppose that he was the first Hasmonean to bestow upon himself the title king.

Alexander

Allegory of the Vine

Edited by Lawrence H. Schiffman and James C. VanderKam.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

January 2000; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 8 words.

Allegro, John Marco

Philip R. Davies.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 728 words.

attended the University of Manchester after wartime service and received a bachelor of arts degree in Oriental Studies (1951

Alphabets

G. Wilhelm Nebe.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1176 words.

Alphabetical inscriptions have been in existence since the Canaanites of Palestine first invented the consonantal script under the influence of

American Schools of Oriental Research

Eric M. Meyers.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1835 words.

A scholarly organization founded in 1890 by a consortium of twenty-one institutions of higher learning, the original purpose of the

Amman Museum

George J. Brooke.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 829 words.

The National Archaeological Museum on the Citadel in Amman is the principal archaeological museum in Jordan. The museum has long

Amos, Book Of

Edited by Lawrence H. Schiffman and James C. VanderKam.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

January 2000; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 7 words.

Amram

Michael E. Stone.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

March 2000; p ublished online April 2009 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Religious Studies; Biblical Studies; Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 1270 words.

Appearing frequently in genealogical lists of the Hebrew scriptures, Amram is a son of Qahat (Kohath) and father of Aaron

Angelic Liturgy

Edited by Lawrence H. Schiffman and James C. VanderKam.

in Encyclopedia of the Dead Sea Scrolls

January 2000; p ublished online January 2008 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Ancient History (Non-Classical, to 500 CE). 9 words.