Book

The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

Edited by Gordon Campbell

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780195189483
Published online January 2006 | e-ISBN: 9780195324945 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780195189483.001.0001
The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

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Aalto, Hugo Alvar Henrik (3 Feb 1898)

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 136 words.

(b Kuortane, 3 Feb 1898; d Helsinki, 11 May 1976).

Finnish architect and designer. He

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Abaquesne, Masséot (1520)

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 155 words.

(before 1520–before 1564).

French potter based in Rouen. Nothing is known of his work prior to the ornamental

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Abbotsford period

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 40 words.

Late 19th-century term for the heavy mock-Gothic furniture of the 1820s and 1830s, so-called from the name of Sir Walter

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Abildgaard, Nicolai Abraham (11 Sept 1743)

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 338 words.

(b Copenhagen, 11 Sept 1743; d Frederiksdal, Copenhagen, 4 June 1809).

Danish painter, designer and architect

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Abramtsevo

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 137 words.

Russian estate near Sergiyev Posad (57 km north of Moscow), the site of an artists’ colony from the 1870s

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Abtsbessingen

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 42 words.

German pottery factory in Thuringia founded c.1739. In the second half of the 18th century the factory produced

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Acajou moucheté

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 16 words.

French term for the spotted mahogany (acajou); the usual English term is fiddle-back mahogany.

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Acanthus

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 387 words.

Ornamental motif based on the leaves of the acanthus plant, an evergreen shrub native to the Mediterranean area. In various

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Acier, Michel-Victor

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 5 words.

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Acorn cup

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 30 words.

Covered silver cup shaped like the cupulate involucre in which the acorn grows, usually mounted on a botanical stem. Acorn

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Adam & Co

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 6 words.

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Adam, Robert (3 July 1728)

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 323 words.

(b Kirkcaldy, Fife, 3 July 1728; d London, 3 March 1792).

Architect and designer, second

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Adams & Company

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 54 words.

Pittsburgh glasshouse founded in 1851 and active throughout the second half of the 19th century. The factory produced tableware and

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Adams, William

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 196 words.

Name of at least four potters in Staffordshire in the late 18th century and early 19th. The most distinguished William

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Adlerglas and adlerhumpen

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 6 words.

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Admiral carpet

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 78 words.

Type of 15th-century Spanish carpet, possibly woven in the Mercian villages of Letur or Liétor. Like Alcaraz carpets, they

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Aegeri, Carl

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 6 words.

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Aegricanes

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 40 words.

Technical term, borrowed from Greek, for the ram’s head or goat's head used to decorate altars in classical antiquity and

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Aelst, Pieter van (fl1509–55)

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 191 words.

(b ?Alost; fl1509–55).

Flemish tapestry-maker who trained in his father's workshop in Brussels. His mark,

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Aemilia Ars

Edited by Gordon Campbell.

in The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts

January 2006; p ublished online January 2006 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design. 63 words.

Workshop founded in Bologna in 1898 by the architect Alfonso Rubbiani (1848–1913), modelled on the English Arts and

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