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A Dictionary of Chemistry

Edited by Richard Rennie [[missing key: and]] Jonathan Law

Published in print January 2016 | ISBN: 9780198722823
Published online January 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191789540 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780198722823.001.0001
A Dictionary of Chemistry

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AAR

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 5 words.

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AAS

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 5 words.

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abherent

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 4 words.

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ab-initio calculation

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 129 words.

A method of calculating atomic and molecular structure directly from the first principles of quantum mechanics, without using quantities derived from experiment (such as ionization energies...

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ABS plastic

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 12 words.

Any of a class of plastics based on acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene copolymers.

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absolute

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 80 words.

1. Not dependent on or relative to anything else, e.g. *absolute zero.

2. Denoting a temperature measured on an ...

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absolute alcohol

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 4 words.

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absolute configuration

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 573 words.

A way of denoting the absolute structure of an optical isomer (see optical activity). Two conventions are in use: The ...

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absolute temperature

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 5 words.

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absolute zero

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 41 words.

Zero of thermodynamic *temperature (0 kelvin) and the lowest temperature theoretically attainable. It is the temperature at which the kinetic energy of atoms and molecules is minimal. It is...

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absorption

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 116 words.

1. (in chemistry) The take up of a gas by a solid or liquid, or the take up of a liquid by a solid. Absorption differs from ...

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absorption coefficient

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 150 words.

1. (in spectroscopy) The molar absorption coefficient (symbol ϵ) is a quantity that characterizes the absorption of light (or any other type of electromagnetic radiation) as it...

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absorption indicator

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 5 words.

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absorption spectrum

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 4 words.

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absorption tower

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 48 words.

A long vertical column used in industry for absorbing gases. The gas is introduced at the bottom of the column and the absorbing liquid, often water, passes in at the top and falls down...

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abstraction

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 42 words.

A chemical reaction that involves bimolecular removal of an atom or ion from a molecule. An example is the abstraction of hydrogen from methane by reaction with a radical:...

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abundance

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 102 words.

1. The ratio of the total mass of a specified element in the earth’s crust to the total mass of the earth’s crust, often expressed as a percentage. For example, the abundance...

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<i>ac</i>

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 5 words.

Anticlinal. See torsion angle.

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acac

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 11 words.

The symbol for the *acetylacetonato ligand, used in formulae.

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accelerant

Edited by Richard Rennie and Jonathan Law.

in A Dictionary of Chemistry

January 2016; p ublished online January 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Chemistry. 34 words.

A flammable material used to start and spread a fire in cases of arson. Petrol and paraffin are the substances commonly used. Traces of accelerant are detectable by gas chromatography in...

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