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The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

Simon Blackburn

Published in print January 2016 | ISBN: 9780198735304
Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191799556 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acref/9780198735304.001.0001
The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

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<i>ab esse ad posse valet consequentia</i>

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 18 words.

From the fact that something exists, it follows that it is possible.

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abandonment

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 28 words.

Term used by *existentialists to dramatize the sense of loss that comes from realizing that there is no external

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Abbagnano, Nicola (1901–90)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 110 words.

*existentialist. Born in Salerno, Abbagnano studied in Naples and taught at Turin. His ‘philosophy of the possible’ condemned

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Abderites

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 19 words.

Term for the two earliest *atomists, *Democritus and *Leucippus, both of whom came from Abdera

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abduction

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 64 words.

Term introduced by *Peirce for the process of using evidence to reach a wider conclusion, as in inference to

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Abduh, Muhammad (1849–1905)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 32 words.

notable for attempting to reconcile Islam with elements in the modern world. His work The Theology of Unity was translated

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Abelard, Peter (1079–1142)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 336 words.

Born near Nantes, Abelard lived a hectic life, quite apart from the misfortune he incurred as a result of his

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<i>abhidharma</i>

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 9 words.

Books containing the key categories of *Buddhist philosophy.

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<i>abninivesha</i>

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 31 words.

Sanskrit term for self-love, or the desire for self-preservation. Since this is a form of bondage it stands in the

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abortion

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 195 words.

Termination of the life of a foetus, after conception but before birth. The event may be intentionally induced or natural,

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Abrabanel, Isaac (1437–1508)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 12 words.

on *Maimonides.

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Abrabanel, Judah (<i>c.</i>1463–<i>c.</i>1523)

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 53 words.

Son of Isaac Abrabanel, and also known as Leone Ebreo. His Dialoghi d’amore (Dialogues of Love)

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absolute idealism

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 584 words.

19th-century version of *idealism in which the world is equated with objective or absolute thought, rather than with the

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Absolute, the

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 5 words.

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absolute theory of space

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 159 words.

Theory that space is itself a kind of container, so that objects have a position or motion or acceleration in

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absolutism

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 51 words.

In political theory, the view that there are no restrictions on the rights and powers of the government. In moral

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abstract ideas

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 164 words.

Concept that was the focus of dispute between *Locke and *Berkeley. Locke had highlighted the problem of

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abstract/concrete

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 135 words.

Many philosophies are nervous of a realm of abstract entities, such as numbers and *universals, as opposed to

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abstraction

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 107 words.

Supposed process of forming an idea by abstracting out what is common to a variety of instances: a process stressed,

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absurd

Simon Blackburn.

in The Oxford Dictionary of Philosophy

January 2016; p ublished online March 2016 .

Reference Entry. Subjects: Philosophy. 28 words.

Any belief that is obviously untenable (see also reductio ad absurdum). In *existentialism, a term for

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