Journal

Cerebral Cortex

ISSN: 1047-3211
e-ISSN: 1460-2199 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor
Cerebral Cortex

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A  Complex Code of Extrinsic Influences on Cortical Progenitor Cells of Higher Mammals

Isabel Reillo, Camino de Juan Romero, Adrián Cárdenas, Francisco Clascá, Maria Ángeles Martínez-Martinez and Víctor Borrell.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2017; p ublished online July 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 14361 words.

Abstract

Development of the cerebral cortex depends critically on the regulation of progenitor cell proliferation and fate. Cortical progenitor cells are...

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A 1H-MR Spectroscopy Study of Changes in Glutamate and Glutamine (Glx) Concentrations in Frontal Spectra after Administration of Memantine

Heidi van Wageningen, Hugo A. Jørgensen, Karsten Specht and Kenneth Hugdahl.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2010; p ublished online July 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4949 words.

Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and therefore important for cognitive functions. The aim of the study was to investigate if administration of the...

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Abnormal Activation of the Primary Somatosensory Cortex in Spasmodic Dysphonia: An fMRI Study

Kristina Simonyan and Christy L. Ludlow.

in Cerebral Cortex

November 2010; p ublished online March 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7892 words.

Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a task-specific focal dystonia of unknown pathophysiology, characterized by involuntary spasms in the laryngeal muscles during speaking. Our aim was to identify...

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Abnormal Changes of Synaptic Excitability in Migraine with Aura

Michael Siniatchkin, Mascha Sendacki, Friederike Moeller, Stephan Wolff, Olav Jansen, Hartwig Siebner and Ulrich Stephani.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2012; p ublished online September 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7605 words.

Migraine patients are characterized by altered cortical excitability and information processing between attacks. The relationship between these abnormalities is still poorly understood. In...

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Abnormal Cortical Synaptic Plasticity in Primary Motor Area in Progressive Supranuclear Palsy

Antonella Conte, Daniele Belvisi, Matteo Bologna, Donatella Ottaviani, Giovanni Fabbrini, Carlo Colosimo, David R. Williams and Alfredo Berardelli.

in Cerebral Cortex

March 2012; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6440 words.

No study has yet investigated whether cortical plasticity in primary motor area (M1) is abnormal in patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). We studied M1 plasticity in 15 PSP...

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Abnormal Cortical Thickness Alterations in Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders and Their Relationships with Facial Dysmorphology

Yaling Yang, Florence Roussotte, Eric Kan, Kathleen K. Sulik, Sarah N. Mattson, Edward P. Riley, Kenneth L. Jones, Colleen M. Adnams, Philip A. May, Mary J. O'Connor, Katherine L. Narr and Elizabeth R. Sowell.

in Cerebral Cortex

May 2012; p ublished online July 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7160 words.

Accumulating evidence from structural brain imaging studies on individuals with fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) has supported links between prenatal alcohol exposure and brain...

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Abnormal Cortical Thickness and Brain–Behavior Correlation Patterns in Individuals with Heavy Prenatal Alcohol Exposure

Elizabeth R. Sowell, Sarah N. Mattson, Eric Kan, Paul M. Thompson, Edward P. Riley and Arthur W. Toga.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2008; p ublished online April 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7302 words.

Quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies in children with fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs) have shown regional patterns of dysmorphology, most prominent in parietal and...

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Abnormal Gray Matter Shape, Thickness, and Volume in the Motor Cortico-Subcortical Loop in Idiopathic Rapid Eye Movement Sleep Behavior Disorder: Association with Clinical and Motor Features

Shady Rahayel, Ronald B Postuma, Jacques Montplaisir, Christophe Bedetti, Simona Brambati, Julie Carrier, Oury Monchi, Pierre-Alexandre Bourgouin, Malo Gaubert and Jean-François Gagnon.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2018; p ublished online June 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9785 words.

Abstract

Idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is a major risk factor for Parkinson’s disease and dementia with Lewy bodies. Anatomical...

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Abnormal Modular Organization of Functional Networks in Cognitively Impaired Children with Frontal Lobe Epilepsy

M. J. Vaessen, H. M. H. Braakman, J. S. Heerink, J. F. A. Jansen, M. H. J. A. Debeij-van Hall, P. A. M. Hofman, A. P. Aldenkamp and W. H. Backes.

in Cerebral Cortex

August 2013; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7164 words.

Many children with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE) have significant cognitive comorbidity, for which the underlying mechanism has not yet been unraveled, but is likely related to disturbed...

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Abnormal Neural Activation to Faces in the Parents of Children with Autism

G. H. Yucel, A. Belger, J. Bizzell, M. Parlier, R. Adolphs and J. Piven.

in Cerebral Cortex

December 2015; p ublished online July 2014 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 12177 words.

Parents of children with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show subtle deficits in aspects of social behavior and face processing, which resemble those seen in ASD, referred to as the...

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Abnormal Response Recovery in the Right Somatosensory Cortex of Dyslexic Adults

Hanna Renvall, Reetta Lehtonen and Riitta Hari.

in Cerebral Cortex

May 2005; p ublished online August 2004 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 4738 words.

Somatosensory evoked fields (SEFs) to repetitive tactile stimuli were recorded from eight dyslexic and eight normal-reading adults. Three successive stimuli, produced by diaphragms driven by...

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Abnormal Retinoid and TrkB Signaling in the Prefrontal Cortex in Mood Disorders

Xin-Rui Qi, Jun Zhao, Ji Liu, Hui Fang, Dick F. Swaab and Jiang-Ning Zhou.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2015; p ublished online August 2013 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5453 words.

The prefrontal cortex shows structural and functional alterations in mood disorders. Retinoid signaling, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), and its receptor TrkB are reported to be...

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Abnormal Structural Brain Connectome in Individuals with Preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease

Joana B Pereira, Danielle van Westen, Erik Stomrud, Tor Olof Strandberg, Giovanni Volpe, Eric Westman and Oskar Hansson.

in Cerebral Cortex

October 2018; p ublished online October 2017 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neurology; Clinical Neuroscience; Neuroscience. 9605 words.

Abstract

Alzheimer’s disease has a long preclinical phase during which amyloid pathology and neurodegeneration accumulate in the brain without producing overt...

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Abnormal Structure–Function Relationship in Spasmodic Dysphonia

Kristina Simonyan and Christy L. Ludlow.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2012; p ublished online June 2011 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 5876 words.

Spasmodic dysphonia (SD) is a primary focal dystonia characterized by involuntary spasms in the laryngeal muscles during speech production. Although recent studies have found abnormal brain...

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Abnormalities of SNARE Mechanism Proteins in Anterior Frontal Cortex in Severe Mental Illness

William G. Honer, Peter Falkai, Thomas A. Bayer, Jane Xie, Lily Hu, Hong-Ying Li, Victoria Arango, J. John Mann, Andrew J. Dwork and William S. Trimble.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2002; p ublished online April 2002 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7446 words.

A fundamental molecular component of neural connectivity is the SNARE (SNAP receptor) protein complex, which consists of three proteins, syntaxin, SNAP-25 and VAMP. Under appropriate...

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Absence of Layer-Specific Cadherin Expression Profiles in the Neocortex of the Reeler Mutant Mouse

Nicole Hertel and Christoph Redies.

in Cerebral Cortex

May 2011; p ublished online September 2010 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 7309 words.

Cadherins are a superfamily of Ca2+-dependent cell surface glycoproteins that play a morphogenetic role in a wide variety of developmental processes. They provide a code of potentially...

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Absence of LPA1 Signaling Results in Defective Cortical Development

Guillermo Estivill-Torrús, Pedro Llebrez-Zayas, Elisa Matas-Rico, Luis Santín, Carmen Pedraza, Isabel De Diego, Ignacio Del Arco, Pedro Fernández-Llebrez, Jerold Chun and Fernando Rodríguez De Fonseca.

in Cerebral Cortex

April 2008; p ublished online July 2007 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 9207 words.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) is a simple phospholipid with extracellular signaling properties mediated by specific G protein–coupled receptors. At least 2 LPA receptors, LPA1 and LPA2, are...

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Absolute Pitch—Functional Evidence of Speech-Relevant Auditory Acuity

Mathias S. Oechslin, Martin Meyer and Lutz Jäncke.

in Cerebral Cortex

February 2010; p ublished online July 2009 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6820 words.

Absolute pitch (AP) has been shown to be associated with morphological changes and neurophysiological adaptations in the planum temporale, a cortical area involved in higher-order auditory...

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Abstract Encoding of Auditory Objects in Cortical Activity Patterns

Bruno L. Giordano, Stephen McAdams, Robert J. Zatorre, Nikolaus Kriegeskorte and Pascal Belin.

in Cerebral Cortex

September 2013; p ublished online July 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 10744 words.

The human brain is thought to process auditory objects along a hierarchical temporal “what” stream that progressively abstracts object information from the low-level structure (e.g.,...

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Abstract Rule Learning: The Differential Effects of Lesions in Frontal Cortex

Andrew S. Kayser and Mark D'Esposito.

in Cerebral Cortex

January 2013; p ublished online January 2012 .

Journal Article. Subjects: Neuroscience. 6900 words.

Learning progressively more abstract stimulus–response mappings requires progressively more anterior regions of the lateral frontal cortex. Using an individual differences approach, we...

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