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Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

Edited by Simon Shorvon, Renzo Guerrini, Mark Cook [[missing key: and]] Samden Lhatoo

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print December 2012 | ISBN: 9780199659043
Published online December 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191751363 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199659043.001.0001

Series: Oxford Textbook of

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

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The Biochemical, Haematological, Histological, Immunological, and Genetic Investigation of Epilepsy

Simon Shorvon.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 4529 words.

Epilepsy can be the result of many neurological conditions. The routine investigation of epilepsy is relatively straightforward and involves a relatively simple battery of imaging,...

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The Causes of Epilepsy

Simon Shorvon.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 7811 words.

Epilepsy can be the result of many different disorders. In this chapter, the range of underlying aetiologies is described. In most cases, the cause of epilepsy is multifactorial and the...

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Classification, Clinical Symptoms, and Syndromes

Renzo Guerrini and Carmen Barba.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 8727 words.

The classification of the epilepsies and of epilepsy syndromes has been a topic of much concern and controversy for decades. In 1981 the ILAE Commission on Classification and Terminology...

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Definitions and Epidemiology of Epilepsy

Shichuo Li, Ding Ding and Jianzhong Wu.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 7942 words.

Worldwide, an estimated 50 million people have epilepsy. Around 85% of people with epilepsy live in developing countries. There are two million new cases occurring in the world every year....

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Developmental Neurobiology, Neuroanatomy, and Neuropathology of Epilepsy

Ingmar Blümcke.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 10521 words.

A broad spectrum of brain lesions associates with drug-resistant, chronic seizures, and can be increasingly recognized using high-resolution imaging techniques. Epilepsy surgery has become...

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Differential Diagnosis of Epilepsy

Kristina Malmgren, Markus Reuber and Richard Appleton.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 12071 words.

Paroxysmal attacks with or without loss of consciousness are common in both children and adults. The correct treatment depends on the cause of the attacks, so the consequences of...

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Drug Interactions

Philip N. Patsalos.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Pharmacology. 6465 words.

Antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are the mainstay of epilepsy treatment and the treatment goal is seizure freedom. Indeed, monotherapy AEDs can render approximately 65% of newly diagnosed...

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The Electroencephalogram in the Investigation of Epilepsy

Stephan U. Schuele, Adriana C. Bermeo and Samden D. Lhatoo.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 6745 words.

Electroencephalography (EEG) has been an important diagnostic tool for over eight decades and continues to have a major role in epilepsy and neuro-monitoring. This chapter introduces the...

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Epilepsy and Employment

Ann Jacoby.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 6543 words.

Research into the employability of people with epilepsy has generally presented a somewhat bleak account, with those affected appearing at risk in terms of both under- and unemployment. The...

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Epilepsy: Cognition and Memory in Adults

Sallie Baxendale.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 4596 words.

Cognitive difficulties are a daily reminder of their condition for many people with epilepsy. Many factors associated with epilepsy contribute to these difficulties. Some of these factors,...

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Epilepsy due to Traumatic Brain Injury, Cerebrovascular Disease, Central Nervous System Infections, and Brain Tumours

Gagandeep Singh, J.M.K. Murthy and Ashalatha Radhakrishnan.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 14555 words.

Traumatic brain injury (TBI), cerebrovascular diseases (CVD), central nervous system (CNS) infections and brain tumours combined all account for roughly one-fifth of the aetiologies of...

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Epilepsy in Learning Disability

Tom Berney and Shoumitro Deb.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Learning Disabilities. 4765 words.

The chapter sketches out how disparate a group are people with a learning disability, encompassing a wide range of age, ability, and pathology. The boundary that separates this group from...

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Epilepsy in Remission

Jerry J. Shih.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 5746 words.

The question of whether a person with epilepsy will go into remission is arguably the single most important question patients and families have for their treating physicians. This topic has...

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Epilepsy in Renal, Hepatic, and Other Conditions

Aidan Neligan.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 5382 words.

Aetiology is an important determinant of prognosis in epilepsy yet is largely ignored in the ILAE classifications of seizures and epileptic syndromes. This is of particular relevance when...

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Epilepsy in the Elderly

Trevor T.-J. Chong and Wendyl D'Souza.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Geriatric Medicine. 8044 words.

Epilepsy has traditionally been thought of as a disease of the young, primarily affecting infants, children and adolescents. Increasingly, however, epilepsy is becoming recognized as a...

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Epileptic Encephalopathies

Renzo Guerrini and Carla Marini.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 9104 words.

Epileptic encephalopathies occur when seizures, epileptiform EEG abnormalities, or both, result in impaired neurological and cognitive development and functioning. EEs represent about 40%...

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Legal Aspects of Epilepsy and Epilepsy and Driving

Morris Odell.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 4040 words.

A diagnosis of epilepsy or behaviour occurring during a seizure may have major medico-legal implications. The two main areas where this can occur are in determination of intent for alleged...

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Management of Patients with First Seizure and Early Epilepsy

Zachary Grinspan and Shlomo Shinnar.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 7763 words.

This chapter reviews the approach to the management of the patient with a single seizure or with early epilepsy. After a single unprovoked seizure, factors predicting recurrence include...

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Management of Seizures and of Epilepsy in the Emergency Department

Andrea O. Rossetti.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology; Emergency Medicine. 5653 words.

Seizures represent a frequent challenge encountered in the emergency department (ED). This chapter begins with a review of epidemiological estimations for both pediatric and adult...

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Management of Status Epilepticus on the Intensive Care Unit

Erich Schmutzhard and Bettina Pfausler.

in Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

December 2012; p ublished online December 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Neurology. 4502 words.

A generalized status epilepticus (GCSE) is a neurologic emergency, if developing into a refractory GCSE a neurologic/neurocritical care catastrophy. Such a GCSE requires immediate full...

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