Book

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

Edited by Michael Gelder, Nancy Andreasen, Juan Lopez-Ibor [[missing key: and]] John Geddes

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print February 2012 | ISBN: 9780199696758
Published online October 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191743221 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199696758.001.0001

Series: Oxford Textbooks

New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

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Acute and transient psychotic disorders

J. Garrabé and F.-R. Cousin.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 4796 words.

The heterogeneous group of acute and transient psychotic disorders are characterized by three typical features, listed below in descending order of priority: ♦ suddenness of onset (within...

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Acute stress reactions

Anke Ehlers, Allison G. Harvey and Richard A. Bryant.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 6682 words.

Exceptionally stressful life events can cause severe psychological symptoms, including anxiety, feelings of derealization and depersonalization, and hyperarousal. In one of the first...

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Adjustment disorders

James J. Strain, Kimberly Klipstein and Jeffrey Newcorm.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 8848 words.

The psychiatric diagnoses that arise between normal behaviour and major psychiatric morbidities constitute the problematic subthreshold disorders. These subthreshold entities are also...

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Adjustment to illness and handicap

Allan House.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5471 words.

Not everybody who develops a serious physical illness will have psychiatric problems as a consequence. To understand why, it is useful to have a model of the normal process of adjustment to...

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Aetiology of alcohol problems

Juan C. Negrete and Kathryn J. Gill.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 4325 words.

Approximately 8 out of every 10 persons living in Europe and the Americas would report consuming alcoholic beverages in their lifetime, and the norm is for drinking to start in adolescence:...

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Aetiology of intellectual disability: general issues and prevention

Markus Kaski.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 6490 words.

Intellectual disability can follow any of the biological, environmental, and psychological events that are capable of producing a decline of cognitive functions. Some factors do not...

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The ageing population and the epidemiology of mental disorders among the elderly

Scott Henderson and Laura Fratiglioni.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 6280 words.

In the last decades the ageing of the populations has become a worldwide phenomenon. In 1990, 26 nations had more than 2 million elderly citizens aged 65 years and older, and the...

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Alcohol and psychiatric and physical disorders

Karl F. Mann and Falk Kiefer.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 4824 words.

This chapter covers the clinical symptoms of alcohol intoxication, withdrawal (without complications and with perceptual disturbances, grand mal seizures, delirium tremens, and alcoholic...

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Alcohol dependence and alcohol problems

Jane Marshall.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Addiction Medicine. 5056 words.

The problem of excessive alcohol consumption is a major cause of public health concern in most countries of the world today. Heavy consumption, which involves far more than ‘dependence’,...

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Alcohol-related dementia (alcohol-induced dementia; alcohol-related brain damage)

Jane Marshall.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Neurology. 3370 words.

Long-term heavy alcohol consumption causes significant brain abnormalities and impairs cognitive functioning. A number of terms have been used to describe these effects, including:...

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Amnesic syndromes

Michael D. Kopelman.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry; Neurology. 8384 words.

Systematic clinical descriptions of amnesic disorders and their underlying pathology have become more detailed and rigorous over the years. In particular, recent advances in neuro-imaging...

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The anatomy of human emotion

R. J. Dolan.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5058 words.

Emotions, uniquely among mental states, are characterized by psychological and somatic referents. The former embody the subjectivity of all psychological states. The latter are evident in...

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Anorexia nervosa

Gerald Russell.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 23474 words.

The chapter begins by describing the two different approaches in the conceptualization of anorexia nervosa, before covering the epidemiology, aetiology, clinical features both of classical...

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Antidepressants

Zubin Bhagwagar and George R. Heninger.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 11154 words.

Major depressive disorder is a serious, recurrent illness which levies a crippling toll on individuals, families, and society in general. The importance of depression as a major public...

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Antiepileptic drugs

Brian P. Brennan and Harrison G. Pope Jr..

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 7637 words.

Several drugs originally developed to treat epilepsy have been found effective in certain psychiatric disorders. This chapter reviews the antiepileptic drugs most extensively studied in...

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Antipsychotic and anticholinergic drugs

Herbert Y. Meltzer and William V. Bobo.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 22066 words.

The discovery by Delay and Denicker in 1953 that chlorpromazine was highly effective in alleviating delusions, hallucinations, and disorganized thinking, was the seminal breakthrough in the...

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Anxiety disorders in childhood and adolescence

Daniel S. Pine.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 5002 words.

The current chapter reviews data for paediatric anxiety disorders in three sections. The longest section reviews clinical characteristics of these disorders. This section describes the...

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Anxiolytics and hypnotics

Malcolm Lader.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 6268 words.

In many countries the drug treatment of both anxiety and insomnia still largely revolves around the use of the benzodiazepines. Nevertheless, controversy and disagreement still rage about...

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Arson (fire-raising)

Herschel Prins.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 3954 words.

Not only is arson (fire-raising) a very worrying offence for the reasons given, but it has shown an increase in recent years. Moreover, the ‘profile’ of those convicted of arson has shifted...

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Art therapy

Diane Waller.

in New Oxford Textbook of Psychiatry

February 2012; p ublished online October 2012 .

Chapter. Subjects: Psychiatry. 3649 words.

The fundamental principles of art therapy/art psychotherapy

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