Book

Trauma Intensive Care

Edited by Samuel A. Tisherman, Raquel M. Forsythe [[missing key: and]] John A. Kellum

Published on behalf of Oxford University Press

Published in print May 2013 | ISBN: 9780199777709
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199353057 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/med/9780199777709.001.0001

Series: Pittsburgh Critical Care Medicine

Trauma Intensive Care

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Abdominal trauma

Graciela Bauzá and Andrew B. Peitzman.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; General Surgery. 5323 words.

The patient with abdominal injury represents a multitude of challenges to the intensivist. Understanding injury patterns increasesthe likelihood of timely diagnosis and treatment of...

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Acute kidney injury

Greta L. Piper and Lewis J. Kaplan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Nephrology. 5426 words.

AKI is increasingly common and continues to be associated with significantmorbidity and mortality. Although the understanding of certain etiologies andmechanisms has improved, the general...

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Airway management in the intensive care unit

Lillian L. Emlet.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Anaesthetics. 3605 words.

Airway management in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) requires a systematic, comprehensive approach to manage the anticipated and unanticipated difficulties that arise from critical illness...

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Burn care

Jennifer Ziembicki.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. 3056 words.

Severe burn injury evokes a significant inflammatory response in the patient proportionalto the size of the cutaneous injury. Early mortality may be attributedto inability to control the...

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Critical care and trauma in pregnancy

Joshua Brown and Gary T. Marshall.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Obstetrics. 2339 words.

Intensive care unit (ICU) admission is required in < 1% of pregnant women;however, maternal and fetal mortality can increase several-fold in critically-illpregnant patients. Trauma is one...

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Development of the trauma intensive care unit within trauma systems

Deepika Mohan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. 2541 words.

The modern trauma intensive care unit (ICU) reflects the confluence of twotrends: the development of inclusive trauma systems and the rise of subspecialtyintensive care units. This chapter...

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Endocrinology in the critically injured patient

Nimitt Patel and Jason Sperry.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Endocrinology and Diabetes. 2989 words.

Although significant advances in the care of the injured patient have occurredover the last decade, those who survive their initial injury continue to be plaguedwith the development of...

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Geriatric trauma critical care

Gary T. Marshall.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Geriatric Medicine. 2598 words.

The declines in motor and cognitive functionassociated with aging have combined to create an ever enlarging group of geriatricpatients experiencing trauma. As such, the ICU population is...

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Hypothermia and trauma

Samuel A. Tisherman.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. 2473 words.

Spontaneous, uncontrolled hypothermia occurs in up to half of the victims ofmajor trauma. Trauma patients are unable to maintain normal temperaturehomeostasis because of the effects of...

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Infection and antibiotic management

Jeffrey A. Claridge and Aman Banerjee.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Medical Microbiology and Virology. 4279 words.

Nosocomial infections are a major patient safety issue in the ICU. They causesignificant increases in patient morbidity and mortality, as well as increase medicalexpenses. Trauma patients...

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Injury severity scoring systems

Matthew Rosengart.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Medical Statistics and Methodology. 4111 words.

Discerning who the most critically injuredpatients are from among the overall population ofinjured necessitates a method by which to estimate the risk of an outcome, suchas death, and thus...

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Legal issues in trauma intensive care

Richard P. Kidwell.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. 3568 words.

Critically ill trauma patients are at high risk for complications and death. The factthat there may be legal proceedings related to the original injury further adds tothe fear of litigation...

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Management of the brain-dead organ donor

Kai Singbartl.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Transplant Surgery. 1898 words.

Nearly 7% of transplant candidates in the United States diewhile on the waiting list. Use of marginal, high-risk donors and the extension ofcriteria for donation have attenuated the...

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Management of traumatic spinal cord injury

David M. Panczykowski, David O. Okonkwo and Richard M. Spiro.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Neurosurgery. 2140 words.

In the United States, the annual incidence of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) ranges from 25 to 58 per million people.Primary Injury is defined as neuronal death or dysfunction as a...

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Massive transfusions and coagulopathy

Matthew D. Neal, Lauren M. McDaniel and Raquel M. Forsythe.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Haematology. 5044 words.

Numerous definitions of massivetransfusion (MT) exist, but it is most commonly defined as the administrationof ≥ 10 units of packed red blood cells (pRBCs) to a patient in a single...

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Monitors and drains in trauma patients

Greta L. Piper and Lewis J. Kaplan.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Nursing Skills. 6400 words.

Monitors are essential for assessment of the critically ill patient. It is necessaryto understand the basics, as well as the intricacies, of when and why touse certain monitors, as well as...

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Nutrition

Juan B. Ochoa and Jodie Bryk.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Allied Health Professions. 4877 words.

Critical illness profoundly disrupts the ability to maintain volitional oral intakewhich, without intervention, can lead to prolonged starvation, the progressiontowards malnutrition, and...

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Orthopedic trauma

Boris A. Zelle, Peter A. Siska and Ivan S. Tarkin.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery. 4078 words.

A significant number of trauma patients sustain musculoskeletal injuries. As comparedto major head, thoracic, abdominal, and vascular injuries, most musculoskeletal injuries are not...

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Pediatric trauma

Daniel Rutigliano and Barbara A. Gaines.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Paediatrics. 7159 words.

Management of pediatric trauma and the care of critically ill children are complexand evolving fields. Practitionerscaring for these children should take note of the differences in injury...

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Rehabilitation considerations of trauma patients

Kerry Deluca and Amy Wagner.

in Trauma Intensive Care

May 2013; p ublished online September 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Critical Care; Trauma and Orthopaedic Surgery; Rehabilitation Medicine. 4318 words.

Assessment of the rehabilitation needs of the trauma patient begins in the Trauma Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Physiatrists, specialists in the field of PhysicalMedicine and Rehabilitation...

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