Book

The One Culture?

Edited by Jay A. Labinger [[missing key: and]] Harry Collins

Published by University of Chicago Press

Published in print June 2001 | ISBN: 9780226467221
Published online March 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780226467245 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.7208/chicago/9780226467245.001.0001
The One Culture?

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Another Visit to Epistemography

Peter Dear.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 929 words.

An observation of David Mermin's provides us with the occasion to clarify a little more the idea of “epistemography.” Mermin writes: “Peter Dear's remark that ‘modern scientific beliefs are...

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Awakening a Sleeping Giant?

Jay A. Labinger.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 4324 words.

It is doubtful whether this situation is alterable to any great extent. Most professional scientists have neither the inclination nor incentives to divert any appreciable fraction of their...

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Barbarians at Which Gates?

Shapin Steven.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2319 words.

This chapter attempts to draw attention to the structural implications of a situation in which a group of academics are obliged repeatedly to attest, not just their competence in their...

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Beyond Social Construction

Kenneth G. Wilson.

Edited by Constance K. Barsky.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2000 words.

The process of scientific progress, while not error-free, can be used for many purposes by many diverse cultures as long as the measurements become accurate enough for their errors not to...

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Caught in the Crossfire? The Public's Role in the Science Wars

Jane Gregory and Steve Miller.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 5051 words.

The meaning of the phrase “public understanding of science” has evolved and diversified in the postwar era: what used to refer to the little-understood and barely interesting phenomenon of...

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Causality, Grammar, and Working Philosophies: Some Final Comments

Michael Lynch.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2848 words.

Most sociologists and historians agree that their studies of historical and contemporary cases must take into account what scientists say about their own theories and practices. It also...

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Conclusion

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2385 words.

For scientists trained according to the “textbook model” of science (which is just about all of them), the temptation is strong to divide the difficult problems into the hard-core,...

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Confessions of a Believer

Peter R. Saulson.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2314 words.

Do people really care enough about metaphysics and epistemology to make them angry? Aside from a few philosophers, the chapter states that most do not. In particular, few scientists seem to...

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Conversing Seriously with Sociologists

N. David Mermin.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 6790 words.

This chapter reexamines exchanges with sociologists on relativity, with a view to identifying avoidable ways in which they misunderstood each other, seeing what residual disagreements...

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Crown Jewels and Rough Diamonds: The Source of Science's Authority

Harry Collins.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2669 words.

The different ways of justifying science are not mutually exclusive. Indeed, it may be the existence of crown jewels that makes one believe that rough diamonds are worth having. But to...

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Does Science Studies Undermine Science? Wittgenstein, Turing, and Polanyi as Precursors for Science Studies and the Science Wars

Trevor Pinch.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 5931 words.

The “science wars” refers to a debate raging within the academy and without over the status of fields like science and technology studies and cultural studies of science and technology. The...

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From Social Construction to Questions for Research: The Promise of the Sociology of Science

Kenneth G. Wilson.

Edited by Constance K. Barsky.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 5381 words.

This chapter discusses the issue of cultural specificity and social construction in detail. What really matters is to identify root causes for the eruption of controversy about social...

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Historiographical Uses of Scientific Knowledge

Steven Weinberg.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 745 words.

The work of scientists in any era is motivated by the data and the calculations available to them, as well as a whole host of social, cultural philosophical, and psychological influences....

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How to be Antiscientific

Steven Shapin.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 7716 words.

The immediate occasion for the science wars seems to be a series of claims about science made by some sociologists, cultural historians, and fuzzy-minded philosophers. As a matter of...

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Introduction

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 4291 words.

To characterize concisely the challenges posed by the new science studies is not easy. To simplify, they might be represented in terms of opposed conceptual clusters—for example,...

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Is a Science Peace Process Necessary?

Michael Lynch.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 5508 words.

The polarization associated with the “science wars” is unacceptable to many, and they would like to promote a “science peace process.” Before initiating such a peace process, however, it...

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It's a Conversation

Trevor Pinch.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2374 words.

There is a well-known finding in the field of conversation analysis that participants in conversations display a proclivity to end in agreement. The sense of moving toward agreement, which...

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Let's not Get too Agreeable

Jay A. Labinger.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 2092 words.

Both Pinch and Weinberg comment on the level of agreement the “conversation” seems to be approaching, which Pinch notes is the hallmark of a “real” conversation. This chapter seeks to offer...

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Life Inside a Case Study

Peter R. Saulson.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 4473 words.

There may always be some unavoidable tensions between communities, based on where the different curiosities lie. Physical scientists tend mostly to be curious about the subject of their...

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A Martian Sends a Postcard Home

Harry Collins.

in The One Culture?

June 2001; p ublished online March 2013 .

Chapter. Subjects: Philosophy of Science. 4730 words.

The opening poem in this chapter describes a Martian's view of earthly things seen for the first time; it is a stranger's view. There has to be something strange about the sociologist's...

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