Journal Article

Effect of Pulp Cell Number and Assimilate Availability on Dry Matter Accumulation Rate in a Banana Fruit [ Musa sp. AAA group ‘Grande Naine’ (Cavendish subgroup)]

Alexandra Jullien, Nathalie G. Munier-Jolain, Eric Malézieux, Marc Chillet and Bertrand Ney

in Annals of Botany

Published on behalf of The Annals of Botany Company

Volume 88, issue 2, pages 321-330
Published in print August 2001 | ISSN: 0305-7364
Published online August 2001 | e-ISSN: 1095-8290 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1006/anbo.2001.1464
Effect of Pulp Cell Number and Assimilate Availability on Dry Matter Accumulation Rate in a Banana Fruit [ Musa sp. AAA group ‘Grande Naine’ (Cavendish subgroup)]

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Fruit position on the bunch (inflorescence) is an important part of variability in banana fruit weight at harvest, as fruits at the bottom of the bunch (distal fruits) are approx. 40% smaller than those at the top (proximal fruits). In this study, the respective roles of cell number and cell filling rate in the development of pulp dry weight are estimated. To this end, the source/sink ratio in the plant was altered at different stages of fruit development. Leaf shading (reducing resource availability), bunch bagging (increasing sink activity by increasing fruit temperature), and bunch trimming (decreasing sink size by fruit pruning), applied once cell division had finished, showed that the pulp filling rate depends on resource availability. Bunch bagging and bunch trimming were also carried out before the end of cell division to estimate the role of pulp cell number in the development of pulp dry weight. A sampling method was calibrated to evaluate pulp cell number from the digestion of a fixed portion of the pulp in a solution of chromic and nitric acids. A relationship was found between pulp cell number and fruit length at the end of cell division. It was observed that pulp cell number is a determining factor in pulp dry weight variability within a bunch. On the other hand, the cell filling rate was identical for all fruits in the bunch and was influenced by the source/sink ratio. A Michaelis-Menten relationship was invoked to relate the cell filling rate in a bunch to the source/sink ratio during bunch filling. Copyright 2001 Annals of Botany Company

Keywords: Banana fruit, Musa sp., fruit growth, cell number, cell filling rate, source/sink ratio, temperature

Journal Article.  11 words. 

Subjects: Ecology and Conservation ; Evolutionary Biology ; Plant Sciences and Forestry

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