Journal Article

Asynchronous development of electrical remodeling and cardiac hypertrophy in the complete AV block dog

Marieke Schoenmakers, Christian Ramakers, Jurren M. van Opstal, Jet D.M. Leunissen, Camila Londoño and Marc A. Vos

in Cardiovascular Research

Published on behalf of European Society of Cardiology

Volume 59, issue 2, pages 351-359
Published in print August 2003 | ISSN: 0008-6363
Published online August 2003 | e-ISSN: 1755-3245 | DOI:
Asynchronous development of electrical remodeling and cardiac hypertrophy in the complete AV block dog

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Objective: Left ventricular hypertrophy has been associated with the prolongation of QT-time, and an increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias. The renin angiotensin system has been implicated in the development of ventricular hypertrophy. At 5 weeks complete AV block (CAVB) in the dog, there is: (1) biventricular hypertrophy associated with a transient activation of components of the renin angiotensin system, (2) increased APD, more pronounced in the left than in the right ventricle leading to spatial dispersion of repolarization, and (3) enhanced susceptibility to drug-induced torsade de pointes arrhythmias. To investigate whether these remodeling processes develop in parallel, time dependency was assessed in absence or presence of the AT1 receptor-blocker Irbesartan. Methods and results: Dogs in sinus rhythm, 2 and 5 weeks CAVB were compared to dogs chronically treated with Irbesartan (30 mg/kg BID). Endocardial monophasic APD of left and right ventricle was measured and susceptibility to torsade de pointes was tested by infusing Dofetilide (0.025 mg/kg/5′). Hypertrophy was determined by relating heart-to-body weight at sacrifice. Left ventricular APD had increased more than right ventricular APD at 2 and 5 weeks CAVB, leading to an increase in spatial dispersion. At that time torsade de pointes were evocable in the majority of the dogs. Hypertrophy had only developed completely at 5 weeks CAVB. Irbesartan had no effect on electrical and structural parameters or on arrhythmogenicity. Conclusions: In the CAVB dog ventricular hypertrophy is not a prerequisite for electrical remodeling or drug-induced torsade de pointes, and the AT1-receptor has no dominant role in the completion of these remodeling processes.

Keywords: Repolarization; Ventricular arrhythmias; Renin angiotensin system

Journal Article.  4766 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cardiovascular Medicine

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