Chapter

Haiti, 1915

Alan Mcpherson

in The Invaded

Published in print January 2014 | ISBN: 9780195343038
Published online January 2014 | e-ISBN: 9780199378227 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195343038.003.0003
Haiti, 1915

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President Woodrow Wilson sent the marines to Haiti in the summer of 1915 when public order broke down and the Haitian president was killed in the streets of Port-au-Prince. As in Nicaragua, the marines mostly fought the supporters of established political leaders, whether in or out of the government. But in Haiti, these leaders, such as Rosalvo Bobo, did not identify with established parties as much as with caco armies, raised with government treasury funds or with the promise of raiding them. Since the marines were not invited by a political party as they had been in Nicaragua, they fought several caco armies and did the most basic nation-building, i.e., disarming the population. The US government formalized its illegal occupation of Haiti with a treaty virtually forced upon the leaders remaining in Port-au-Prince.

Keywords: marines; Haiti; Woodrow Wilson; Rosalvo Bobo; cacos; disarming; nation-building

Chapter.  4920 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: History of the Americas

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