Chapter

The Congress of Vienna

Andreas Osiander

in The States System of Europe, 1640–1990

Published in print July 1994 | ISBN: 9780198278870
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780191684258 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198278870.003.0004
The Congress of Vienna

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Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand, Bishop of Autun, entered politics as a representative of the French clergy, in the Etats-Generaux, whose meeting in 1789 precipitated the French Revolution. Talleyrand abandoned the ecclesiastical office forced on him by his family, temporarily became persona non grata in France, and spent some years in Britain and the United States as an exile. Meanwhile, revolutionary France embarked on a policy of expansion. After his return to France, Talleyrand was foreign minister under the Directoire from 1797 to 1799, and again under Napoleon before resigning in 1807. Napoleon did not, however, allow Talleyrand to resign from his council. In September 1814, he was dispatched to Vienna to represent France at a congress convened to complete the reconstruction of the European states system.

Keywords: Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand; France; clergy; French Revolution; Napoleon; European states system; Congress of Vienna; Directoire

Chapter.  32225 words. 

Subjects: International Relations

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