Chapter

Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

Geir Ottersen, Nils Chr. Stenseth and James W. Hurrell

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780198507499
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191709845 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0001
 Climatic Fluctuations and Marine Systems: A General Itroduction to the Ecological Effects

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This introductory chapter begins with a brief account of the Atlantic as a whole and how it is linked to other oceans, before focusing on the main currents and hydrography of the North Atlantic. This is followed by a brief account of some of the main circulation patterns in the world's oceans and the role of large-scale climate variability. It provides an overview of oceanographic processes that are believed to be of particular importance to marine ecology. Finally, examples are presented to illustrate how diverse the responses of ecology are to atmospheric and ocean climate variability.

Keywords: climate change; climate variability; ecological response; North Atlantic Oscillation; Ocean circulation; physical processes; marine life; marine ecology

Chapter.  6266 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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