Chapter

Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic

Joël M. Durant, Nils Chr. Stenseth, Tycho Anker-Nilssen, Michael P. Harris, Paul M. Thompson and Sarah Wanless

in Marine Ecosystems and Climate Variation

Published in print May 2005 | ISBN: 9780198507499
Published online September 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191709845 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198507499.003.0007
 Marine Birds and Climate Fluctuation in the North Atlantic

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This chapter shows how climate might influence seabirds directly through variations in temperature and wind. It also provides an overview of the potential indirect impact of climate variability on North Atlantic seabird populations. Seabirds are sensible to climate change either positively as shown by the extension of the fulmar population, or negatively as shown by the Atlantic puffins. Thanks to their position as top predators, their response to climate change is a good index of its effect on the whole food web.

Keywords: seabirds; climate change; climate variation; reproduction; mortality; energetics

Chapter.  6979 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Aquatic Biology

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