Chapter

Intelligence and social mobility

C. G. N. Mascie-Taylor

in Cyril Burt

Published in print July 1995 | ISBN: 9780198523369
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191688898 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198523369.003.0004
Intelligence and social mobility

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Burt's 1961 paper was part of a wider debate on the causes of social class differences in intelligence. Burt held the view that a large part of the heterogeneity in intelligence between social classes was due to innate or inherited differences. In this respect he was at odds with some of the leading British sociologists (e.g. Floud and Halsey) who said that class differences in intelligence were the result of differences in environmental conditions. A large part of the introductory section of the paper covers points of agreement and disagreement between Burt and his critics. But the empirical findings presented by Burt in the remainder of the paper were claimed to provide decisive evidence in support of the genetical (polygenic) theory.

Keywords: social class differences; social mobility; intelligence; British sociologists; social classes; genetical theory

Chapter.  11043 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Cognitive Psychology

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