Chapter

Drives

Paul Katsafanas

in The Nietzschean Self

Published in print February 2016 | ISBN: 9780198737100
Published online March 2016 | e-ISBN: 9780191800641 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198737100.003.0004
Drives

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This chapter analyzes Nietzsche’s most important psychological concept, the drive (Trieb or Instinkt). Drives are non-conscious dispositions that generate affective orientations. They take a two-part complement, having both an aim and an object. The aim is the drive’s characteristic form of activity; the object is adventitious, a chance occasion for expression. Drives dispose the agent not to realize any particular end, but merely to engage in their characteristic form of activity. Accordingly, they are not satisfied by the attainment of their objects. Nietzsche argues that drive-motivation is pervasive—all of our actions, he thinks, are produced by drives. This has a host of important consequences that are explored in the following chapters.

Keywords: Nietzsche; drive; Trieb; Instinkt; motivation

Chapter.  16407 words. 

Subjects: History of Western Philosophy

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