Christian Bailey

in Civilizing Emotions

Published in print August 2015 | ISBN: 9780198745532
Published online October 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780191807596 | DOI:

Series: Emotions In History


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This chapter explores how ideas of civilization in late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century Germany were shaped by the encounter between Germans and non-Europeans, particularly in the Islamic Middle East. Drawing on Orientalist journals, philosophical works, popularizing novels, and exhibitions, the chapter does not, however, suggest that German intellectuals identified civilization as only existing in Europe. Instead, it shows how Germany’s interactions with societies outside of Europe led German intellectuals to formulate a divide between an Aryan Kultur and a Semitic Zivilisation that cut across European and Asian borders. As a result, we see how German mental maps of civilization were redrawn and how traditional notions of European cultural superiority were jettisoned in favour of conceptions of civilization based on race.

Keywords: Aryan; Kultur; race; Semitic, Zivilisation

Chapter.  10462 words. 

Subjects: Social and Cultural History

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