Chapter

Germany

Cees van Dam

in European Tort Law

Published in print June 2007 | ISBN: 9780199227679
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191710414 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199227679.003.0004
Germany

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In Germany, tort law is characterised by its systematic approach and its many subtle distinctions. Probably the most characteristic feature of German tort law is judge-made in order to fill lacunae in the Civil Code of 1900. In the early 20th century, the Reichsgericht created safety duties based on negligence, and generally they require a very high level of care. The proper place of these safety duties in the legal system is strongly debated in the legal literature, in which systematic aspects are generally considered to be of great importance even if their practical impact is not always clear. This chapter looks at the German Civil Code provisions on fault liability, judge-made rights such as right to business and general personality right, and rules of stricter liability including liability for things and liability for persons.

Keywords: Germany; tort law; fault liability; safety duties; liability for things; liability for persons; judge-made rights; right to business; personality right

Chapter.  9536 words. 

Subjects: EU Law

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