Chapter

International Trade, Food Security, and the Response to the WTO in South Asian Countries

Ramesh Chand

in Food Security

Published in print December 2007 | ISBN: 9780199236558
Published online May 2008 | e-ISBN: 9780191717031 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199236558.003.0012

Series: WIDER Studies in Development Economics

International Trade, Food Security, and the Response to the WTO in South Asian Countries

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Implementation of various provisions of the WTO Agreement on Agriculture causes serious concern with regard to the performance of the agriculture sector and food security, and South Asian countries have become quite sensitive to the consequences of future WTO agreements. The cautious approach towards the WTO is mainly caused by the increased dependence on food imports and deterioration in self-reliance in agriculture in the post-WTO period because of a much higher growth in food import as compared to exports. Decline in international prices and trade distortions are the underlying causes for an adverse impact on agriculture during the post-WTO period. South Asian countries should address these two issues in future negotiations.

Keywords: trade liberalization; WTO; food security; imports; self-sufficiency; subsidies; OECD; agriculture; price volatility

Chapter.  8352 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Economic Development and Growth

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