David Vital

in A People Apart

Published in print July 2001 | ISBN: 9780199246816
Published online March 2012 | e-ISBN: 9780191697623 | DOI:

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The formal and unambiguous grant of civil rights to all citizens decreed by the Provisional government of Russia on March 20, 1917 was confirmed in the aftermath of the subsequent October Revolution. As a constitutional principle it remained unquestioned under subsequent Bolshevik rule; and the consequences for the lives of those Jews who now found themselves in what would be the Soviet Union were dramatic. Overt and unashamed dissemination of anti-semitism and programmes was forbidden. Pogroms, once the civil war was over, became a thing of the past. The massive entry of Jews into civil and military state service, from which they had been totally excluded from office of virtually any kind in the past, was both revolutionary in spirit and in its social consequences.

Keywords: civil rights; government; Russia; October Revolution; Bolshevik; Jews; Soviet Union; anti-semitism; pogroms

Chapter.  26527 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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