Civil War

Paul Robinson

in The White Russian Army in Exile 1920-1941

Published in print March 2002 | ISBN: 9780199250219
Published online January 2010 | e-ISBN: 9780191719547 | DOI:

Series: Oxford Historical Monographs

Civil War

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  • Modern History (1700 to 1945)


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This chapter provides a brief summary of the main events of the Russian Civil War leading up to the evacuation of the Crimea in November 1920. It explains the origins of the White movement, especially of the units which constituted Wrangel’s Russian Army, namely the units of the Volunteer Army and of the various Cossack hosts. The chapter also examines the modes of thought of the Russian officer corps and explains that in rising up against the Bolsheviks, the White officers were seeking both revenge and the restoration of their own and Russia’s honour. These motivations provided them with unifying notions that held them together regardless of their political opinions and personal origins.

Keywords: Russian Civil War; Volunteer Army; Wrangel; Cossacks; honour

Chapter.  6549 words. 

Subjects: Modern History (1700 to 1945)

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