Chapter

Yes, Giftedness (Aka “innate” talent) does exist!1

Françoys Gagné

in The Complexity of Greatness

Published in print May 2013 | ISBN: 9780199794003
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780199345212 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199794003.003.0010
Yes, Giftedness (Aka “innate” talent) does exist!1

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This chapter pursues two main goals: (a) demonstrate that natural abilities—and their outstanding expression as gifts—really exist (the mainstream Pronat position), and that recent attacks by a few researchers who deny their existence (the Antinat position) can be easily parried empirically; (b) expose questionable scholarly behavior by some Antinat researchers. Part I surveys the author’s Differentiated Model of Giftedness and Talent (DMGT), then examines the concept of natural ability, pointing out its six defining characteristics; it finally demonstrates with extensive empirical evidence that both general intelligence and physical natural abilities meet all six defining criteria of a natural ability. Part II illustrates how some influent Antinat researchers deliberately exclude relevant evidence, accumulate irrelevant information, ignore crucial objections, and select from published studies only the results that support their position. These cases of deliberate (mal)practice show their lack of desire to examine objectively all the available evidence and reassess their entrenched beliefs.

Keywords: giftedness; natural ability; intelligence; physical abilities; scientific misconduct; Pronat position; Antinat position

Chapter.  14471 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Social Psychology

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