Chapter

The Power and Authority of Maitreya in Mongolia Examined Through Mongolian Art

Uranchimeg Tsultemin

in Buddhism in Mongolian History, Culture, and Society

Published in print February 2015 | ISBN: 9780199958641
Published online January 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780190206819 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acprof:oso/9780199958641.003.0008
The Power and Authority of Maitreya in Mongolia Examined Through Mongolian Art

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The chapter focuses on Maitreya, the future historical Buddha, one of the most important deities in Buddhism throughout Asia. Believed to reside in the Tuṣita heaven as a Bodhisattva, Maitreya became particularly important in the Vajrayāna Buddhist traditions of Tibet and Mongolia. This chapter explores Maitreya’s preeminence in late Mongolian Buddhist art by examining the images of Maitreya, Maitreya iconography, depictions of Maitreya Procession, and temples of Maitreya. According to historical, textual sources, the Maitreya Procession was introduced in Tibet in 1409 by the reformer and founder of the dGe lugs Order in Tibet, Tsong kha pa. It was imported to Mongolia in the seventeenth century and henceforth became central to Mongolian Buddhist ritual practices. This chapter covers the Maitreya ritual texts dating from nineteenth-century Mongolia, Mongolian temples, and production of the images of Maitreya in Ikh Khüree Monastery.

Keywords: Maitreya; Maitreya Procession; Zanabazar; Ikh Khüree; Maitreya Temple; Gandantegchenling Monastery; Agwaankhaidav

Chapter.  10442 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Buddhism

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