Reference Entry

National Socialist art

Ian Chilvers and John Glaves-Smith

in A Dictionary of Modern and Contemporary Art

Third edition

Published online September 2015 | e-ISBN: 9780191792229

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The art endorsed and encouraged by the Nazis from 1933 to 1945—that is from the time when Hitler became Chancellor of Germany as head of the National Socialist Workers' Party of Germany (Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei) until the end of the Second World War. Hitler, who had been an unsuccessful painter in his youth, realized that art could have immense propaganda value and used it to promote the cult of his own personality as well as the Nazi ideas of Nordic racial superiority and ‘Strength through Joy’ (Kraft durch Freude). Hand-in-hand with this policy went the repression, ridicule, and eventually destruction of art that conflicted with Nazi ideology (...

Reference Entry.  825 words. 

Subjects: History of Art

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