Reference Entry


Michael Kent

in The Oxford Dictionary of Sports Science & Medicine

Third edition

Published in print January 2006 | ISBN: 9780198568506
Published online January 2007 | e-ISBN: 9780191727788

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A school of psychology that stresses an objective natural science approach to psychological questions. Behaviourists usually study the principles of learning, for example, through animal experiments, then apply these principles to understanding and manipulating human behaviour. The main tenet of behaviourism is that only observable behaviour can be scientifically studied. Although this observable behaviour may include verbal behaviour, which expresses thoughts, behaviourists tend to ignore mental functions; they concentrate their studies on stimulus–response relationships and the circumstances under which conditioning takes place. Behaviourism has influenced sports psychology in procedures such as ...

Reference Entry.  103 words. 

Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine

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