Reference Entry

diuretic

Edited by Robert Hine

in A Dictionary of Biology

Eighth edition

Published in print April 2019 | ISBN: 9780198821489
Published online April 2019 | e-ISBN: 9780191860812
diuretic

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A drug or other agent that increases the rate of urine formation and hence the rate at which water and certain salts are lost from the body. Many diuretic drugs work by decreasing the reabsorption of sodium and chloride ions from the filtrate in the kidney tubules, so that less water is reabsorbed. They are used to treat fluid retention (oedema) arising from disorders of the heart, kidneys, or other organs, and are used in helping to reduce high blood pressure (hypertension). There are several groups of diuretic drugs, with different modes of action. The most powerful are ...

Reference Entry.  182 words. 

Subjects: Biological Sciences

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