Reference Entry

Kropotkin, Peter (1842–1921)

Alisdair Rogers, Noel Castree and Rob Kitchin

in A Dictionary of Human Geography

Published in print January 2013 | ISBN: 9780199599868
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191758065
Kropotkin, Peter (1842–1921)

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An influential Russian anarchist geographer writing during the early years of geography’s institutionalization as a university subject. Born into wealth, Kropotkin first entered the military, then the civil service. A leading figure in the Russian Geographical Society, he had a passion for exploration and wrote reports on China, Siberia, Finland, and the Arctic. He was active as a political organizer among the working class, importing ideas to Russia from socialist and anarchist organizations in Western Europe. Arrested for subversion, he escaped to Britain in 1876. He travelled widely in Europe, but was arrested in France and while in jail wrote his account of ‘What geography ought to be’. He argued that geography should teach knowledge about other people and places in order to create mutual respect rather than to serve imperial control. He spent most of the rest of his life in Britain as a prominent intellectual in geographical and biological sciences. His ideas were revived with the development of ...

Reference Entry.  181 words. 

Subjects: Human Geography

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