Article

Ferdinand de Saussure

John E. Joseph

in Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics


Published online June 2017 | e-ISBN: 9780199384655 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.385

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Ferdinand de Saussure (1857–1913), the founding figure of modern linguistics, made his mark on the field with a book he published a month after his 21st birthday, in which he proposed a radical rethinking of the original system of vowels in Proto-Indo-European. A year later, he submitted his doctoral thesis on a morpho-syntactic topic, the genitive absolute in Sanskrit, to the University of Leipzig. He went to Paris intending to do a second, French doctorate, but instead he was given responsibility for courses on Gothic and Old High Gerrman at the École Pratique des Hautes Études, and for...

Keywords: Saussure; history of linguistics; structuralism; semiology; semiotics; sign; synchronic and diachronic; langue and parole; Proto-Indo-European; arbitrariness

Article.  8706 words. 

Subjects: Historical and Diachronic Linguistics ; Linguistic Theories

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