Chapter

The Qumran community

Timothy H. Lim

in The Dead Sea Scrolls

Published in print November 2005 | ISBN: 9780192806598
Published online September 2013 | e-ISBN: 9780191776205 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/actrade/9780192806598.003.0008

Series: Very Short Introductions

The Qumran community

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‘The Qumran community’ assesses what we know about the social structure of the Qumran sect. Early estimates of the size of the community suggested thousands of members, but it was more likely dozens. Vermes describes a monastic brotherhood living in the desert with a strict penal code and stratified hierarchy. A parallel urban community lived nearer to Jerusalem. This group shared many beliefs with the brotherhood, but they attended Temple and raised families. Debates rage about the origin of the communities. According to the Damascus Document they predate the Maccabaean period, but this does not tally with our knowledge of their adversaries. The Groningen Hypothesis is a viable alternative.

Keywords: Adam; community; congregation; cross; Damascus Document; Philip; Qumran; Teacher of Righteousness

Chapter.  5062 words. 

Subjects: Biblical Archaeology ; Biblical Studies

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