Reference Entry

Archipenko, Aleksandr

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00006597
Archipenko, Aleksandr

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Ukrainian, 20th century, male.

Active in France and in the USA.

Born 30 May 1887, in Kiev; died 25 February 1964, in New York.

Sculptor, painter (including gouache/mixed media), pastellist, draughtsman. Nudes, still-lifes.

Section d'Or group.

From 1902 to 1905, Aleksandr Archipenko was a pupil at the Kiev art school; in 1906, he settled in Moscow, and took part in several exhibitions. He arrived in Paris in 1908 and he joined the myriad artists, most often immigrants, precariously lodged in 'La Ruche' (the Beehive) formerly the Machine Pavilion of the 1887 Exposition Universelle. A rich eccentric had acquired it at the end of the exhibition, and had it dismantled and reassembled in the Vaugirard district, where it was then lived in by artists. Archipenko studied briefly at the École des Beaux-Arts, before leaving to teach himself through independent study of the collections of sculpture at the Musée du Louvre. In the years leading up to World War I, Archipenko became acquainted with Henri Laurens, Léger, Chagall, Lipchitz, Modigliani, and many other artists. He began teaching sculpture in Paris in 1908. This led him to refine the principles that guided his own work. He established a rapport with Pevsner in the 1910s. From 1920 to 1923, he taught in Berlin. In 1924, he moved to New York and set up his own school of sculpture....

Reference Entry.  2967 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage ; Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art

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