Reference Entry

Breton, Jules Adolphe Aimé Louis

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI:
Breton, Jules Adolphe Aimé Louis

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French, 19th – 20th century, male.

Born 1 May 1827, in Courrières (Pas-de-Calais); died 5 July 1906, in Paris.

Painter. Genre scenes, scenes with figures, landscapes.


Jules Breton studied intially under Félix de Vigne, whose daughter he married in 1858. He later studied at the royal academy of fine arts in Ghent and went on to work at Drölling's studio in Paris and joined the École des Beaux-Arts under the direction of Horace Vernet and Ingres in 1847. Breton had originally decided to specialise in genre painting, as his first submissions to the Salons of 1849 and 1850 show, but these were not very well received and the following year he began to concentrate exclusively on landscapes. In 1854 he moved back to Courrières and between 1862 and 1866 made several visits to south-west France, the south of France, and Italy. Between 1868 and 1890 he spent many months each year at Douarnenez in Brittany. Breton was decorated with the Légion d'Honneur and the Order of Léopold of Belgium. In 1867 he was made an Officier of the Légion d'Honneur and was promoted to commandeur in 1885. In 1866 he was made a member of the Institut de France. He was a jury member at the Exposition Universelle of 1889 and 1900....

Reference Entry.  2585 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; 20th-Century Art ; 19th-Century Art

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