French, 19th century, male.
Born 11 May 1827, in Valenciennes; died 11 October 1875, in Courbevoie (Hauts-de-Seine).
Sculptor (including bronze/marble/clay), engraver, painter, draughtsman. Allegorical subjects, figures, portraits. Groups, busts, low reliefs.
Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux’ stonemason father enrolled him in an architecture course taught in Valenciennes by Jean-Baptiste Bernard. Carpeaux proved initially an inept pupil whose comparative lack of formal education his fellow pupils found awkward and, at times, even bizarre. The young man felt out of place and persecuted; it was a feeling that would persist throughout his life. Victor Liet, who was a pupil of the sculptor Henri Lemaire and on the point of marrying Carpeaux’ first cousin, was perhaps the first to detect the young man’s nascent genius. He took him under his wing and instructed him in the rudiments of sculpture; Carpeaux repaid Liet by sculpting a bust of him – Carpeaux’ first-ever bust (done from memory, as it happened, since Victor Liet was fated to die of consumption in 1847 at the age of 35)....
Reference Entry. 4027 words. Illustrated.
Subjects: Painting ; Ceramic Arts, Pottery, and Glass ; Prints and Printmaking ; Sculpture and Carving ; 19th-Century Art
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