Reference Entry

Delaunay-Terk, Sonia

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00048591
Delaunay-Terk, Sonia

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Russian, 20th century, female.

Active in France from 1905.

Born 14 November 1885, in Gradiesk; died 5 December 1979, in Paris.

Painter, decorative artist, poster artist.

Orphism.

Groupe des Réalités Nouvelles, Espace.

Born into a poor Jewish family in Ukraine, Sonia Delaunay was orphaned at the age of five and raised, though not adopted, by her maternal uncle, the affluent Henri Terk, in St Petersburg. She was interested in ethnology, mathematics and painting and visited Finland, Switzerland, Italy and Germany. Between 1903 and 1905, she studied drawing in Karlsruhe in the studio of Schmidt-Reutter, and she thus discovered German Expressionism. She went to Paris in 1905 and settled there definitively. She attended the Académie de la Palette, meeting Ozenfant, Segonzac and Boussingault and was introduced to engraving. She was greatly impressed by Van Gogh and Gauguin and the Fauve canvases exhibited at Wilhelm Uhde’s gallery, the collector and art dealer whom she married in 1908. Two years later, having met Robert Delaunay, she divorced Uhde and married Delaunay. Together with her husband, she began to devote herself to painting. ‘The passion of painting is our principle link’, she wrote....

Reference Entry.  5312 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Graphic Design and Typography ; Professional Interior Design ; 20th-Century Art

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