Reference Entry

Epstein, Jacob (Sir)

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00059307
Epstein, Jacob (Sir)

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American, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in Britain from 1905, naturalised 1907.

Born 1880, in New York, to Russian-Polish parents; died 19 August 1959, in London.

Sculptor (including bronze/marble), painter (including gouache), watercolourist, draughtsman. Religious subjects, portraits, animals. Statues, monuments.

Vorticism.

London Group.

Jacob Epstein first studied at the Arts Students League in New York and then in 1902 moved to Paris and enrolled at the École Nationale des Beaux-Arts. In Paris he met Rodin, and, by visiting the Louvre, became strongly attracted to non-European sculpture. In 1905 he settled in London. Epstein promoted a new approach to sculpture, following the 'direct' sculptural process in which no model or detailed maquette is used but which concentrates on respecting and bringing to life the material employed, preserving its texture and colour while bringing forth from the material, for example a block of stone, the physical power of the form. This 'truth to materials' would have a direct impact on younger generation of British sculptors, notably Henry Moore and Barbara Hepworth....

Reference Entry.  2455 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art ; Religious Art ; Christian Art ; 19th-Century Art ; Art of the United States

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