Reference Entry

Gentileschi, Artemisia

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00072384
Gentileschi, Artemisia

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Italian, 17th century, female.

Active in Florence from 1620, and in Naples from 1640.

Born 8 July 1593, in Rome, in 1597 according to some sources; died c. 1652, possibly in Naples.

Painter. History painting, religious subjects, figures, portraits.

Artemisia Gentileschi was the pupil of her father Orazio Gentileschi, and of Orazio's colleague Agostino Tassi, who taught her perspective. Artemisia assimilated from Orazio some traits of Caravaggio, which she passed on to others working in Naples and southern Italy. Modelling her technique on Caravaggio, she worked directly on to the canvas scratching the surface to create contour lines. She also had a special talent for rendering textures and light reflections, and in her earlier work, practised chiaroscuro to create striking effects. Her figures often emerge from a darkened background to be illuminated independently by an external light source, which delineates their features and imbues them with an expressive sensitivity. However, her figures can also appear heavy, in part due to her lack of classical training....

Reference Entry.  818 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; Religious Art ; Christian Art

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