Reference Entry

Hayden, Henri

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00084846
Hayden, Henri

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Polish, 20th century, male.

Active from 1907 then naturalised in France.

Born 24 December 1883, in Warsaw; died 12 May 1970, in Paris.

Painter (gouache). Figure compositions, still-lifes, flowers, landscapes, seascapes.

Henri Hayden went to the polytechnic in Warsaw in 1902 and attended the school of fine art at the same time. In 1905 he abandoned his engineering studies to follow his vocation as a painter. He went to Paris in 1907 and eventually settled in France. In the first years he lived and worked in almost total isolation while trying to make contact with French culture and painting. After a few months at the Académie de la Palette where Georges Desvallières and Charles Guérin taught, he went to Pont-Aven in 1908, and to Pouldu, in the Finistère region of Brittany, in 1909, where he stayed until 1912. From 1914 he settled in Montparnasse, where he became one of the influential figures during the interwar period. The outbreak of war in 1939 forced him to leave Paris; he went first to the Auvergne, where he met the Delaunays, then to Mougins in the Alpes-Maritimes and then, as the Germans were getting closer, to Roussillon in the Vaucluse, where he stayed until the end of the war. At Roussillon he met Samuel Beckett, with whom he played long chess games and who became a life-long friend and a supporter of his work. On his return to Paris, he found that many important paintings in his workshop in Montparnasse had disappeared and were lost for ever. In 1945 he executed a large mural, ...

Reference Entry.  3009 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; 20th-Century Art

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