Reference Entry

Le Corbusier

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00106258
Le Corbusier

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Swiss, 19th – 20th century, male.

Active in France from 1917 and naturalised from 1930.

Born 6 October 1887, in La Chaux-de-Fonds (Neuchâtel), Switzerland; died 27 August 1965, in Roquebrune-Cap-Martin, France.

Painter, draughtsman, sculptor, fresco artist. Designs for tapestries.

Purism.

Charles-Edouard Jeanneret studied engraving under Charles l’Eplattenier at the École des Beaux-Arts in La Chaux-de-Fonds between the ages of 13 and 18. He continued to produce engravings after he started studying architecture in 1905 and was attracted to the early stirrings of Cubism. Meanwhile, as a budding architect, he rejected much that lay in the past, preferring to learn from contemporary architectural currents. Accordingly, he was drawn to the work of practitioners such as the Viennese architect Josef Hoffmann; Tony Garnier in Lyons, in many respects the precursor of modern social urbanism; Auguste Perret in Paris, to whom Le Corbusier was for a time apprenticed; and Peter Behrens, with whom he also served an apprenticeship and through whom he made friends with Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and Walter Gropius....

Reference Entry.  3199 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art

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