Reference Entry

Raeburn, Henry (Sir)

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00148106
Raeburn, Henry (Sir)

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British, 18th – 19th century, male.

Born 4 March 1756, in Stockbridge, near Edinburgh; died 8 July 1823, in Edinburgh.

Painter, miniaturist. Portraits.

Henry Raeburn was orphaned at the age of six and was apprenticed when he was 15 to an Edinburgh goldsmith named Gilligan. His potential was noted early on by a friend of his employer, the engraver David Deuchar, who took Raeburn under his wing. He was allowed to paint some copies in the workshop of the portraitist David Martin, but Martin subsequently accused Raeburn of selling some of his work and relations between painter and pupil came abruptly to an end. Gilligan found Raeburn some clients, however - and doubtless took a commission for his pains - and Raeburn gradually made his mark as a portraitist. He was, in essence, self-taught. Initially, he painted miniatures, but he quickly moved on to paint life-size portraits. Raeburn's earliest known work is a ...

Reference Entry.  3553 words. 

Subjects: Painting ; 19th-Century Art ; 18th-Century Art

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