Reference Entry

Schlemmer, Oskar

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00163480
Schlemmer, Oskar

More Like This

Show all results sharing these subjects:

  • Painting
  • Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage
  • Prints and Printmaking
  • Scenography
  • Sculpture and Carving
  • 20th-Century Art

GO

Show Summary Details

Preview

German, 20th century, male.

Born 4 September 1888, in Stuttgart; died 1943, in Baden-Baden.

Sculptor (mixed media), painter, watercolourist, engraver, lithographer. Figures, landscapes. Stage sets.

Oskar Schlemmer was an apprentice from 1903 to 1905 in a studio of marquetry. From 1905 to 1909 he studied at the academy of fine arts in Stuttgart, where he was a fellow student of Willy Baumeister and of the Swiss Otto Meyer-Amden, who would remain his close friend and for whom he always had great admiration. From 1910 to 1912, he stayed in Berlin, where he had some contact with French painting, particularly Cézanne and Seurat. From 1912 to 1914, he was a pupil of Christian Landenberger, and especially of Adolf Hölzel, at the academy in Stuttgart. After 1915, he served in the army. He returned to Stuttgart in 1919, where he attempted to influence the direction of the academy. In 1920 he was invited by Walter Gropius to be a teacher of the Bauhaus. From 1920 to 1929 Schlemmer held several posts at the Bauhaus in Weimar, then at Dessau, first as director of the studio on stone carving, and then as director of the studio on metal. From 1929 to 1932 he was a teacher of perspective at the national schools of art in Berlin. In 1933 he was dismissed from his post by the official arrival of Nazi power, accused of promoting degenerate art....

Reference Entry.  2398 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Installation Art, Mixed-Media, Assemblage, and Collage ; Prints and Printmaking ; Scenography ; Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art

Full text: subscription required

How to subscribe Recommend to my Librarian

Buy this work at Oxford University Press »

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content. subscribe or login to access all content.