Reference Entry

Siqueiros, David Alfaro

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00170293
Siqueiros, David Alfaro

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Mexican, 20th century, male.

Born 29 December 1896, in Chihuahua; died 6 January 1974, in Cuernavaca.

Painter, draughtsman. Figures, scenes with figures. Murals.

Muralism.

David Alfaro Siqueiros grew up in an educated family. He was interested in Mexican archaeology and folk art, believed passionately in the independence of Mexico, and at the age of 15 entered the San Carlo art school in Mexico and also the Santa Anita school of open air painting. The revolution, however, put an end to his studies. In 1913 he joined the party of General Venustiano Carranza. When Carranza became president of Mexico, Siqueiros was sent to Europe on a task involving both art and diplomacy. He met Diego Rivera in Paris; and in Florence he saw Renaissance frescoes, which profoundly affected him. Returning to Mexico, in 1922 he became leader of the Union of Workers, Technicians, Painters and Sculptors, and in 1924 he and Orozco founded the pamphlet-style review ...

Reference Entry.  2492 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; 20th-Century Art ; Latin American and Caribbean Art

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