Reference Entry

Wotruba, Fritz

in Benezit Dictionary of Artists

ISBN: 9780199773787
Published online October 2011 | e-ISBN: 9780199899913 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/benz/9780199773787.article.B00198975
Wotruba, Fritz

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Austrian, 20th century, male.

Born 25 April 1907, in Vienna; died 1975, in Vienna.

Painter, engraver, draughtsman, sculptor.

Wiener Werkstätte group.

Fritz Wotruba started learning engraving at the age of 14 but in 1925-1926 decided to study sculpture under Anton Hanak at the Akademie der Bildenden Künste in Vienna. From 1929 he worked alone. Joseph Hoffman, the founder of the Wiener Werkstätte (Vienna Crafts Studios) and a frequent collaborator of Gustav Klimt, took an interest in Wotruba and helped him to further his career. At the same time, Wotruba made friends with the writers Hermann Broch and Robert Musil and the composer Alban Berg. In 1939, following Nazi Germany's annexation of Austria, Wotruba emigrated to Switzerland, living for a time in Zug before moving to Basel in 1942 and Bern in 1943. He returned to Vienna in 1945 and was elected to membership of the fine arts academy, where he subsequently taught. In his day, Wotruba was acclaimed primarily for his accomplished technique in working directly on raw limestone blocks, examples being his statues for public parks and gardens in the Austrian capital. His ...

Reference Entry.  1398 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Painting ; Prints and Printmaking ; Sculpture and Carving ; 20th-Century Art

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