We have studied whether sevoflurane or isoflurane anaesthesia modulates the effect of suxamethonium on serum concentrations of enzyme markers of skeletal muscle function in paediatric patients. Eighty patients undergoing bilateral tonsillectomy, aged 5-12 yr, were allocated randomly to receive anaesthesia with either sevoflurane and nitrous oxide or isoflurane and nitrous oxide. Serum creatine phosphokinase (CK), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) concentrations were measured before, and at 30 min and 20 h after induction of anaesthesia. Mean CK concentrations increased from 97.0 (SD 17.3) to 478 (170) iu litre-1 in the sevoflurane group and from 86.9 (22.4) to 628 (223) iu litre-1 in the isoflurane group, 20 h after induction of anaesthesia. Mean peak serum CK concentration in the sevoflurane group (478 (170) iu litre-1) was significantly less (P < 0.05) than that in the isoflurane group (628 (223) iu litre-1). Mean serum AST concentration increased from 17.5 (4.9) to 31.7 (3.5) iu litre-1 in the sevoflurane group and from 17.3 (2.4) to 34.8 (5.7) iu litre-1 in the isoflurane group, 20 h after induction of anaesthesia. Mean peak serum AST concentrations in the sevoflurane group were significantly lower (P < 0.05) than those in the isoflurane group. There were no significant differences in serum ALT or LDH concentrations between the groups either before or after anaesthesia. We conclude that administration of suxamethonium during either sevoflurane or isoflurane anaesthesia caused a marked increase in serum CK concentrations in paediatric patients. The clinical significance of this finding is uncertain.
Journal Article. 0 words.
Full text: subscription required