Journal Article

Cortical Parcellations of the Macaque Monkey Analyzed on Surface-Based Atlases

David C. Van Essen, Matthew F. Glasser, Donna L. Dierker and John Harwell

in Cerebral Cortex

Volume 22, issue 10, pages 2227-2240
Published in print October 2012 | ISSN: 1047-3211
Published online November 2011 | e-ISSN: 1460-2199 | DOI: https://dx.doi.org/10.1093/cercor/bhr290

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Surface-based atlases provide a valuable way to analyze and visualize the functional organization of cerebral cortex. Surface-based registration (SBR) is a primary method for aligning individual hemispheres to a surface-based atlas. We used landmark-constrained SBR to register many published parcellation schemes to the macaque F99 surface-based atlas. This enables objective comparison of both similarities and differences across parcellations. Cortical areas in the macaque vary in surface area by more than 2 orders of magnitude. Based on a composite parcellation derived from 3 major sources, the total number of macaque neocortical and transitional cortical areas is estimated to be about 130–140 in each hemisphere.

Keywords: architectonic; areas; maps; registration; retinotopy

Journal Article.  9864 words.  Illustrated.

Subjects: Neuroscience